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San Fernando

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    Los Angeles County
      City: 
    San Fernando
      County FIPS: 
    06037
      Coordinates: 
    34°17′14″N 118°26′20″W
      Area total: 
    2.37 sq mi (6.15 km²)
      Area land: 
    2.37 sq mi (6.15 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
      Elevation: 
    1,070 ft (326 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated August 31, 1911
  •   Latitude: 
    34,2824
      Longitude: 
    -118,4425
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    91340
    91341
    91345
      GMAP: 

    San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    1,230
      Population density: 
    10,086.80 residents per square mile of area (26,124.69/km²)
      Household income: 
    $52,450
      Households: 
    5,885
      Unemployment rate: 
    12.60%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.25%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

San Fernando (Spanish for "St. Ferdinand") is a general-law city in the San Fernando Valley region of Los Angeles County, California, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. As of the 2010 census the population of San Fernando was 23,645. The city was named for the nearby Mission San Fernando Rey de España (which in turn was named after St. Ferdinand), and was part of the Mexican land grant of Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. In 1885, Charles Maclay, bought 56,000 acres (227 km²) of the Rancho. In the first half of the 20th century after incorporation in 1911, San Fernando tried to extend its city limits to Sylmar, Mission Hills and Pacoima, but the city of LA kept up their rapid annexation and caused many failed attempts. By the 1950s, the city said that annexation was hard to do, due to the large bureaucracy of LA. San Fernando is completely surrounded by Los Angeles, with the neighborhoods of Sylmar to the north, Lake View Terrace to the south, and Mission Hills to the west. It is served by the Golden State (Interstate 5), Foothill (Interstates 210), and San Diego (State Route 118) freeways. There has also been movement into the Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys to north. Declining birth-rates and an aging population of middle-class whites has contributed to the movement into other parts of theSan Fernando Valley.

History

The city was named for the nearby Mission San Fernando Rey de España. It was part of the Mexican land grant of Rancho Ex-Mission San Fernando. In 1874, Charles Maclay, bought 56,000 acres (227 km²) of the Rancho. As the San Fernando Valley transitioned from an agricultural area to a suburban one in the decades after World War II, San Fernando retained its independence. In the first half of the 20th century after incorporation in 1911, the city of San Fernando tried to extend its city limits to Sylmar, Mission Hills and Pacoima. Declining birth-rates and an aging population of middle-class whites, who once dominated the area in the 1950s, has contributed to the movement into other parts of the Sanernando Valley. There has also been movement into the Santa Clarita and Antelope Valleys to the north. The city is home to the Claremont School of Theology, which later became an affiliate of the University of Southern California and then the California State University, Los Angeles. It is located on the San Diego Freeway, just east of the Los Angeles-Long Beach border. The San Fernando River flows through the city. It has a population of around 2,000. The town is located in the San Gabriel Valley, which is part of Los Angeles County. The area is known as the "Gateway to the Golden West" because of its proximity to the San Francisco Bay. The Los Angeles River runs through the town.

Geography and climate

San Fernando is completely surrounded by the city of Los Angeles, with the neighborhoods of Sylmar to the north, Lake View Terrace to the east, Pacoima to the south, and Mission Hills to the west. It is served by the Golden State (Interstate 5), Foothill (interstate 210), Ronald Reagan (State Route 118), and San Diego (Interstates 405) freeways. The city is located in the San Fernando Valley, which is one of the fastest growing areas in the United States. San Fernando is located on the San Gabriel River, which flows through the city. The San Fernando River runs through the center of the city, and flows into the Santa Catalina Mountains to the northeast. The town has a high percentage of residents who live in the Los Angeles metropolitan area, and a low percentage of those who live elsewhere in the U.S. It has a hot and dry climate (Köppen-BWh) with an average monthly temperature of °C (°F) of 8.6 °F (°C) and a milder than average temperatures (°B) of 7.7 ° F (KF/F). The city has an average annual rainfall of 1,816 millimeters (mm) and an average yearly temperature of 8.9 mm (mm), and it has a higher than average humidity (86.7%) than the rest of L.A. and San Francisco.

Demographics

At the 2010 census San Fernando had a population of 23,645. The racial makeup of San Fernando was 12,068 (51.0%) White (5.3% Non-Hispanic White), 222 (0.9%) African American, 314 (1.3%) Native American, 248 (1,0%) Asian, 33 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 9,877 (41.8%) from other races, and 883 (3.7%) from two or more races. There were 21,687 Hispanic or Latino residents, of any race (92.5%). At the 2000 census there were 23,564 people in 5,774 households, including 4,832 families, in the city. The median household income was $39,909 and the median income for a family was $40,138. At the 2010 U.S. Census, 16.9% of the population living below the federal poverty line was below the $55,192 poverty line. The average household size was 3.94 and the average family size was 4.18. The age distribution was 6,941 people (29.4%) under the age of 18, 2,659 people (11.2%) aged 18 to 24, 7,132 people (30.2) aged 25 to 44, 4,920 people (20.8) aged 45 to 64, and 1,993 people (8.4) who were 65 or older.

Government

The City of San Fernando is governed by a city council. Members of the City Council are elected at-large and serve four year terms. The mayor is appointed every year, on a rotating basis, by a majority vote of the council. The Council meets on the first and third Monday of each month at 6:00 pm in the Council Chambers. The city is in California's 18th Senate District, represented by Democrat Steve Padilla, and in the 39th Assembly District,represented by Democrat Luz Rivas. In the U.S. House of Representatives, Sanernando is in the 29th congressional district, represented By Democrat Tony Cárdenas. The City is also in the 18th State Senate District and the 39rd State Assembly District. San Fernando has two members of the California Senate. It also has two representatives in the United States House of Reps. It has a mayor who is appointed by the city council every year. It is located in the San Fernando Valley, which is one of the most affluent areas of Los Angeles County. The San Fernando River flows through the city and the city is located near the city's central business district. The town is located on the border with Los Angeles and the Los Angeles suburb of Santa Ana. It was once known as San Fernando, but has since been renamed San Fernando after the city was annexed by the City of Santa Fernando in the 1950s and 1960s. The name San Fernando was used to refer to the city by the Spanish-speaking community.

Infrastructure

The City of San Fernando produces, treats, sells and maintains its own water supply. The United States Postal Service operates the San Fernando Post Office. The city will become the future northern terminus of the East San Fernando Valley Transit Corridor, the valley's first light rail line by 2027. The San Fernando Police Department has 35 sworn police officers and 25 non-sworn personnel. The department is also augmented by 20 sworn reserve police officers. In times of need, the police department can deploy a total of 55 sworn officers. The Los Angeles Fire Department provides fire protection services for the city from three nearby fire stations (Station 75, Station 91, and Station 98), all of which are located in the City of Los Angeles. The Sylmar/San Fernando Metrolink station serves the city on the Antelope Valley Line that passes through the city. The officials and citizens have expressed their concern about the impact of the California High-Speed Rail if it follows the same route as San Fernando Boulevard. The city is a member of the Los Angeles County Disaster Management Area "C" The city has requested mutual aid from the LAPD during major incidents in the past. It is located in Los Angeles' San Fernando area, which includes the cities of Burbank, Pasadena, Glendale, San Fernando, San Gabriel, Monterey Park, Alhambra and South Pasadena. It also includes the city of Pasadena, which is part of the L.A. County Sheriff's Department's San Fernando Area.

Economy

As of 2018, the City of San Fernando has a total labor force of 11,700 with 4,035 (34.49%) working for the top ten employers listed. The City also employs 129 people as of 2018. The city's top employers in the city (not including the city itself as an employer) are: the city's largest employers, the city government and the state of Bosnia and Herzegovinia and the city of San Fernando as a whole. As of 2018 the city had a total workforce of 11,700. The top employers were: the government, the state and the city. The largest employer was the city government and its largest employer is the state of Bolivia and her government as a whole, the state of Sevilla and  the city of Ferrari. The top ten employers in San Fernando as of 2018 were: the city's largest employers, the state and the county, and the city of San Fernandez as well as the federal government. The most recent employer in the city was the government, with a total of 4,035 people working for it. The biggest employer in the cities and towns was the state, with an average of 4,000 people a year. The number of employees in the cities and Towns of San Francisco and San Germans was 6,000 as of 2014.

Education

San Fernando is served by the Los Angeles Unified School District. The nearest community college to San Fernando is Los Angeles Mission College in the Sylmar neighborhood. A private school, The Concordia Schools San Fernando, was in the city.PUC Schools operates some charter schools in San Fernando. They include Nueva Esperanza Charter Academy (MS and HS) and PUC Inspire Charter Academy. At one time Lakeview Charter Academy and Triumph Charter Academy, both of PUC Schools, were located in San Fernando. In 2011 the middle and high school consolidated into Concordia Junior Senior High School. The city is home to the San Fernando Institute for Applied Media. The San Fernando International Studies Academy (VISA); Charter School is also located in San Fernando. San Fernando was once home to First Lutheran Schools. First Lutheran was previously located where Concordia Sanernando was later now located. It is now located in Sylmar, Los Angeles, California. The school was closed in 2011 and replaced by a new private school called Concordia Schools San fernando, which is located in the same neighborhood. It was previously known as Concordia Lutheran School, which was located in a different part of the city and later moved to the same location. It has since been renamed Concordia School San Fernando and is no longer located in that part of Los Angeles. It is now located in the Sylmar neighborhood of Los Angeles and is known as Gridley Elementary School.

Public library

The County of Los Angeles Public Library operates the San Fernando Library. The library is located at 217 North Maclay Avenue in San Fernando, California. For confidential support call the Samaritans on 08457 90 90 90 or visit a local Samaritans branch, see www.samaritans.org for details. In the U.S. call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline on 1-800-273-8255 or visit http://www.suicidepreventionlifeline.org/. In the United Kingdom, contact the National suicide Prevention Line on 0800 273-TALK (8255). In the European Union, contact the European Commission on 0300 273 8255.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in San Fernando = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 1,230 individuals with a median age of 29.8 age the population grows by 2.97% in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 10,086.80 residents per square mile of area (26,124.69/km²). There are average 4.12 people per household in the 5,885 households with an average household income of $52,450 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 12.60% of the available work force and has dropped -6.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 14.92%. The number of physicians in San Fernando per 100,000 population = 213.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in San Fernando = 16.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 35. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 288. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 43.2 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 46, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California which are owned by the occupant = 52.03%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 51 years with median home cost = $215,620 and home appreciation of -19.20%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,809 per student. There are 22.6 students for each teacher in the school, 5098 students for each Librarian and 840 students for each Counselor. 3.24% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 3.58% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 1.83% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • San Fernando's population in Los Angeles County, California of 1,562 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,79-fold to 1,230 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 49.55% female residents and 50.45% male residents live in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California.

    As of 2020 in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California are married and the remaining 43.48% are single population.

  • 28.7 minutes is the average time that residents in San Fernando require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    61.85% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 23.91% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 6.41% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 1.80% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California, 52.03% are owner-occupied homes, another 45.47% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.51% are vacant.

  • The 56.73% of the population in San Fernando, Los Angeles County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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