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Torrance

City of Torrance

  •   State: 
    California
      County: 
    Los Angeles County
      City: 
    Torrance
      County FIPS: 
    06037
      Coordinates: 
    33°50′05″N 118°20′29″W
      Area total: 
    20.53 sq mi (53.18 km²)
      Area land: 
    20.50 sq mi (53.10 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.03 sq mi (0.08 km²)
      Elevation: 
    89 ft (27 m)
      Established: 
    Incorporated May 12, 1921
  •   Latitude: 
    33,8339
      Longitude: 
    -118,3153
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA
      Timezone: 
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 
    90501
    90502
    90503
    90504
    90505
    90506
    90507
    90508
    90509
    90510
      GMAP: 

    Torrance, Los Angeles County, California, United States

  •   Population: 
    147,067
      Population density: 
    7,200 residents per square mile of area (2,800/km²)
      Household income: 
    $71,774
      Households: 
    56,798
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.25%
      Income taxes: 
    9.30%

Torrance is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Torrance was incorporated in 1921, and at the 2020 census had a population of 147,067 residents. The city has 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of beachfront on the Pacific Ocean and a moderate year-round climate with an average rainfall of 12 inches (300 mm) per year. The area where Torrance is located was part of the Tongva Native American homeland. It is about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Downtown Los Angeles. It has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb), bordering with a semi-id climate. The rainy season is November through March, as shown in the adjacent table. Summers tend to be warm and humid due to the area's proximity to the coast, and temperatures can vary as much as 18 °C (10 °F) during spring and summer. It also has a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom" or "May Gray", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast on the California coast, followed by sunny skies by noon during late spring and early summer. The U.S. Census Bureau reported that in 2010 Torrance reported that it had a reported that the temperature was 18 °F (10°C) in the spring. It consistently ranks among the safest cities in LA County. It was the birthplace of the American Youth Soccer Organization (AYSO) Torrance has 30 parks.

History

In 1784, the Spanish Crown deeded Rancho San Pedro (including today's Torrance) to soldier Juan José Domínguez. In the early 1900s, real estate developer Jared Sidney Torrance and other investors saw the value of creating a mixed industrial-residential community south of Los Angeles. The resulting town was founded in October 1912 and named after Mr. Torrance. The city of Torrance was formally incorporated in May 1921. Some of the early civic and residential buildings were designed by the renowned and innovative Southern California architect Irving Gill, in his distinctive combining of Mission Revival and early Modernist architecture. One of the nation's largest shopping centers grew in Torrance - Del Amo Fashion Center, and during the 1970s the Old Towne Mall combined themed amusement and nostalgia with shopping. Many of the houses on these avenues turned 100 years of age in 2012. The first residential avenue created in Torrence was Gramercy and the second avenue was Andreo. This section of Torrence is under review to be classified as a historical district. The area where Torrance is located was part of the Tongva Native American homeland. In 1846, Governor Pío Pico granted Rancho de los Palos Verdes to José Loreto and Juan Capistrano Sepulveda in the Alta California territory of independent Mexico. The town is located on the banks of the Los Angeles River. It is one of the few cities in the United States with a population of over 1 million.

Geography

Torrance is a coastal community in southwestern Los Angeles County sharing the climate and geographical features common to the Greater Los Angeles area. The Madrona Marsh is a nature preserve on land once set for oil production and saved from development, with restoration projects enhancing the vital habitat for birds, wildlife, and native plants. Torrance has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen: Csb), bordering with a semi-arid climate (Bsk) The rainy season is November through March, as shown in the adjacent table. Summers tend to be warm and humid due to Torrance's proximity to the coast. The western portion of Torrance is in ZIP Code 90277 which is a city of Redondo Beach postal address. It is about 20 miles (32 km) southwest of Downtown Los Angeles. The southernmost stretch of Torrence Beach, on a cove at the northern end of the Palos Verdes peninsula, is known to locals as Rat Beach (Right After Torrance). It is also known as "Torrance Beach" because of its proximity to Santa Monica Bay. It has a temperature gradient of over 1 °F per mile (0.3 °C/km) from the coast inland. California has also a weather phenomenon called "June Gloom" or "May Gray", which sometimes brings overcast or foggy skies in the morning on the coast, followed by sunny skies by noon during late spring and early summer. As such, the temperatures can vary as much as 18 °F (10 °C) between inland areas and the coast.

Demographics

As of March 2019, Torrance had a median household income of $85,070. It also has the second-highest percentage of residents of Japanese ancestry in California (8.9%), after the neighboring city of Gardena. The 2010 United States Census reported that Torrance has a population of 145,438. The racial makeup of Torrance was 74,333 (51.1%) White (42.3% Non-Hispanic White), 50,240 (34.5%) Asian, 3,955 (2.7%) African American, 554 (0.4%) Native American, 7,808 (5.4) from other races, and 8,018 (5.5) from two or more races. As of the census of 2000, there were 137,946 people, 54,542 households, and 36,270 families residing in the city. There were 55,967 housing units at an average density of 2,724.7 per square mile (1,052.0/km²), of which 31,621 were owner-occupied, and 24,380 were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate is 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 85,308 people (58.7% of the population) lived in owner- occupied housing units, and 58,984 people (40.6%) lived in rental housing units. The average household size was 2.58; the average family size was 3.14.

Economy

The Del Amo Fashion Center, at 2.5 million square feet (232,000 m2), is one of the five largest malls in the United States by gross leasable area. Torrance is home to the U.S. headquarters of Japanese automaker American Honda Motor Company and its luxury vehicle division, Acura. Robinson Helicopters are designed and built in Torrance as are Honeywell's Garrett turbochargers, used on automobile engines worldwide. Alcoa Fastening Systems (now known as Arconic), Pacific Sales, Pelican Products, Virco, and Rapiscan Systems are among the other companies based in the city. The Los Angeles South Bay area, as of 2014, has the largest concentration of Japanese companies in theUnited States.Torrance has a general aviation airport, originally named simply "Torrance Airport" and since renamed Zamperini Field after local track star, World War II hero and Torrance High graduate Louis Zamperino. The airport handles approximately 175,000 annual take-offs and landings (473 per day), down from the 1974 record of 428,000 operations. The city's top 10 employers (by number of employees) are: All Nippon Airways operates its United States headquarters, a customer relations and services office, and Younger Optics, Torrance's 10th-largest employer, created the first seamless or "invisible" bifocal. In 2014, it announced it would move 3,000 of its white-collar employees to Plano, Texas to be closer to its American factories.

Arts and culture

The Armed Forces Day Parade in Torrance, which was first produced in 1960, is the longest-running military parade sponsored by a city. The Torrance Cultural Arts Center hosts cultural events year-round. The City of Torrance's entry in the 2010 Rose Parade won the top Lathrop K. Leishman trophy for its Garden of Dreams float, judged as the "Most Beautiful Non-Commercial" float. Torrance landmarks are on the National Register of Historic Places: Main Building (Torrance High School) Mediterranean Revival architecture, 1917 and 1921. The Pacific Electric Railroad Bridge was designed by Irving Gill, 1913 and is located on Torrance Boulevard. The city's entry won the Governor's Trophy for best depiction of life in California in the 2012 Rose Parade. In 2015, an entry honoring Rose Parade Grand Marshal Louis Zamperini won the Theme trophy for excellence in presenting parade theme. In 2016, the City ofTorrance float won the Princess trophy for most beautiful float 35 feet and under. In 2011, Torrance won the Tournament Volunteers' Trophy forbest floral design of parade theme under 35 feet in length. In 2012, the city's entries won the governor's trophy for best representation of the state of California in a parade float. In 2013, the Torrance entry won top prize for best description of the city in the Rose Parade float, and in 2014, the entry won best description for the theme of the parade, "California" The city is home to a number of cultural institutions, including a performing arts Consortium.

Parks and recreation

The Torrance City Parks Department directs and maintains the thirty Torrance Parks. The Southern California Live Steamers Miniature Railroad is located at the Southeast corner of Charles H. Wilson Park. Columbia Park features a Community Garden providing planting beds and "community" for residents. Torrance Beach Park, and the beach along the Pacific Coast of Torrance, known as "RAT Beach" is a popular destination for families and families of all ages to enjoy the beach and its amenities. The city also has a number of other parks, including Columbia Park, which is home to a cherry blossom tree grove, and Madrona Marsh Wildlife Preserve & Nature Center, which has a rare Southern California wetlands habitat with higher Coastal sage community native plants areas. It is also home to the Home Garden Learning Center, and is a backyard composting demonstration center provided by Los Angeles County. The Strand, a paved bicycle path that runs mostly along the. Pacific Ocean shoreline in Los Angeles county, ends at the end of the Marvin Braude Bike Trail (The Strand), a paved bike path that. ends there. The Torrance parks program is coordinated and by the city, so that families, individuals, and groups can sponsor the planting of a new tree in the park to honor a person or commemorate an event with a living tribute Tree Dedication. There is also a "Living Tribute Trees park program" for people who would like to honor someone by planting a tree in a Torrance park.

Government

The City of Torrance is a charter city. The City Council, as the elected body, adopts legislation, sets policy, adjudicates issues, and establishes the budget of the city. There are two major hospitals in Torrance: Torrance Memorial Medical Center and Little Company of Mary Hospital. A third hospital, Los Angeles County Department of Health Services Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, lies just outside the city limits. The United States Postal Service operates the Torrance Post Office at 2510 Monterey Street, the Marcelina Post Office, and the Del Amo Post Office. Torrance operates its own 911 dispatch center located at the police station, and is responsible for all 911 calls originating inTorrance. The city has 13 appointed boards and commissions which advise the council on matters of concern to local residents, such as the city airport, arts, parks, and libraries. The police department is broken down into four major divisions, each with its own subdivisions. The fire department has seven Engine Companies, five Paramedic Rescue Squads, and two Truck Companies. Ambulance transportation is provided through McCormick Ambulances. The public library operates a main library facility (named after former mayor Katy Geissert) in the city Civic Center, plus five branches at locations throughout the city, including a branch in West Carson. Zip codes 90277, 90501, 90503, 90504, 90505. The U.S. House of Representatives is represented by Democrat Ted Lieu, and California's 43rd congressional district by Democrat Maxine Waters.

Transportation

Highways and freeways in the region include I-110, I-405, SR 91, SR 107, and SR 1. The city is served by Torrance Transit, LACMTA Metro bus, and LADOT services. Commercial airlines service is within 15 minutes at Los Angeles International Airport and Long Beach Airport. BNSF operates on the former Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railway Harbor Subdivision line originally built in the 1920s. Union Pacific currently operates what is left of the Pacific Electric's San Pedro via Gardena Line and Torrance Loop Line both built in 1911. LA Metro Rail plans to complete the C Line Extension to Torrance from Redondo Beach sometime between 2030 and 2033, though there are plans to speed this up as part of the Twenty-eight by '28 initiative so it can be done by the 2028 Olympics. Zamperini Field (IATA: TOA ICAO: KTOA) is a general aviation airport. It is located just outside the city, near the border with Los Angeles. It was built in 1918 and closed in 1955 two years after all passenger service was taken over by Los Angeles Metropolitan Transit Authority. It has a single runway, which is used for general aviation flights. The airport is located on the east side of Los Angeles, and is located near the city's downtown area. It also has a heliport, which was completed in 1968 and is on the west side of the city.

Education

The Torrance Unified School District was established in 1947 and unified in 1948. It operates 17 elementary schools, eight middle schools, five high schools (one of which is a continuation school), three adult education centers, and a child development center. Catholic schools under the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles include Bishop Montgomery High School, Nativity Catholic School, St James Catholic School and St Catherine Laboure Catholic School. Protestant private schools include Ascension Lutheran School and First Lutheran School. El Camino College was founded in 1947, and the campus covers 126 acres (0.51 km²) As of 2011, the college enrolls over 25,000 students each semester. In 1980, Asahi Gakuen, a weekend Japanese-language education institution, began renting space in South Torrance High School. The school continues to use the school for its Torrance Campus (Transu-k). The city is home to the University of California, Los Angeles, which has a campus in unincorporated ElCamino Village. It is also home to Los Angeles County Community College, which is located just outside the city limits. The city also has a number of private schools, including Riviera Hall Lutheran School, Riviera Methodist School, and South Bay Junior Academy. TUSD is a participant feeder district of the California Academy of Mathematics and Science or CAMS, a mathematics and science magnet high school, administered by the Long Beach Unified school District. The district's jurisdiction includes approximately 21 square miles (54 km²), and it operates 17 schools.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California = 1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 52. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 10. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Torrance = 6.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 147,067 individuals with a median age of 41.8 age the population grows by 5.08% in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 7,200 residents per square mile of area (2,800/km²). There are average 2.53 people per household in the 56,798 households with an average household income of $71,774 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.40% of the available work force and has dropped -6.24% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 21.12%. The number of physicians in Torrance per 100,000 population = 213.2.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Torrance = 13.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 0 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 33. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 279. 78 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 44.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 45, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California which are owned by the occupant = 54.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 45 years with median home cost = $502,820 and home appreciation of -5.37%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.73 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,602 per student. There are 22.9 students for each teacher in the school, 11495 students for each Librarian and 648 students for each Counselor. 9.08% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 24.59% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 11.50% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Torrance's population in Los Angeles County, California of 3,818 residents in 1900 has increased 38,52-fold to 147,067 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.31% female residents and 48.69% male residents live in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California.

    As of 2020 in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California are married and the remaining 42.88% are single population.

  • 27.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Torrance require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.33% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 9.87% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.27% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.46% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California, 54.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 43.35% are rented apartments, and the remaining 2.23% are vacant.

  • The 56.73% of the population in Torrance, Los Angeles County, California who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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