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Grand Junction

  •   State: 
    Mesa County
    Grand Junction
      County FIPS: 
    39°04′N 108°34′W
      Area total: 
    40.077 sq mi (103.799 km²)
      Area land: 
    39.634 sq mi (102.652 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.443 sq mi (1.147 km²)
    4,593 ft (1,397 m)
    Incorporated July 22, 1882
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Grand Junction, CO
    Mountain Standard Time (MST) UTC-7:00; Mountain Daylight Time (MDT) UTC-6:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    1,654 residents per square mile of area (639/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Grand Junction is a home rule municipality that is the county seat and the most populous municipality of Mesa County, Colorado, United States. The city population was 65,560 at the 2020 United States Census, making Grand Junction the 17th most populous Colorado municipality. Grand Junction is 247 miles (398 km) west-southwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. It is a major commercial and transportation hub within the large area between the Green River and the Continental Divide, and the largest city in Colorado outside of the Front Range Corridor. The town had a total area of 25,649 acres (103.799 km²) including 283 acres (1.147km²) of water in the 2020 U.S. Census. It has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) with a January mean temperature of 27.4 °F (2.6 °C) and 68 days a year with temperatures at 90 °F or above. The area receives little precipitation year-round, with the average year being 9,059 mm (229 mm), with no real seasonal spike in winter. Sunshine hours are abundant, with 73% of the possible 3,200 hours per year, or 73,000 hours or more of the year, being sunny. The Colorado National Monument, a unique series of canyons and mesas, overlooks the city on the west. Most of the area is surrounded by federal public lands managed by the US Bureau of Land Management. Interstate 70 connects the city eastward to Glenwood Springs and Denver and westward to Green River.


Grand Junction is the primary city name, but also Fruitvale, Grand Jct are acceptable city names or spellings. Grand Junction is 247 miles (398 km) west-southwest of the Colorado State Capitol in Denver. The city is along the Colorado River, at its confluence with the Gunnison River, which comes in from the south. It is near the midpoint of a 30-mile (48 km) arcing valley, known as the Grand Valley. Since the late 19th century it has been a major fruit-growing region. The Colorado National Monument, a unique series of canyons and mesas, overlooks the city on the west. Most of the area is surrounded by federal public lands managed by the US Bureau of Land Management. The area was long occupied by the Ute people and earlier indigenous cultures. It was not settled by European-American farmers until the 1880s, and several wineries have been established in the area since the late 20th century. It has been nicknamed "River City" for its proximity to the Colorado and Gunnison rivers, and is a major commercial and transportation hub within the large area between the Green River and the Continental Divide. I-70 connects the city eastward to Glenwood Springs and Denver and westward to Green River, Utah; Salt Lake City is reached to the west via Interstate 70 and U.S Route 6; and Las Vegas (via I- 70 and Interstate 15). The city has a councilmanager form of government, with a mayor-council ratio of 2 to 1. It also has its own airport, the Grand Junction International Airport.


In September 1881, the former Ute Indian Territory was abolished and the Utes were forced into a reservation so that the U.S. government could open the area to settlers. Clinton County, Pennsylvania-born George Addison Crawford (182791) soon purchased a plot of land. On July 22, 1882, he incorporated the town of Grand Junction and planted Colorado's first vineyard near Palisade, Colorado. The area became known as the Colorado Wine Country. Grand Junction also has a storied past with gunfighters, miners, and early settlers of the American Southwest. The town is located on the Colorado River, which runs through the center of the city. It is located in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, which are known for their red rock formations and red rock outcrops. The city has a population of about 2,000 people, making it one of the fastest-growing cities in the United States. It was founded in 1882 by George Crawford, who also planted the first vineyards in the area. It has a history of being home to gunfighters and miners, as well as early settlers, including George Crawford and his son, William Crawford, Jr., who was born in 182791. It also is home to the Grand Canyon National Park, which is known for its red rock scenery and red sandstone outcroppings. The Grand Junction area is also known for being a popular destination for winegrowers and winemakers, as it is located near the Colorado Springs area.


At the 2020 United States Census, the town had a total area of 25,649 acres (103.799 km²) including 283 acres (1.147km²) of water. The town has a population of 2,816. The population of the town was 2,788 at the 2010 U.S. Census. It is located in the eastern part of the state, near the state line with New Mexico. It has a total population of 3,716. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge, which took place in World War I. The Battle was one of the deadliest battles in the history of the United States, with more than 1,000 people killed. It also played a role in the creation of New Mexico's first state capital, D.C., in 1881. The battle was also the first in the state's history to be fought on land that was not covered by a lake or river. It took place between 1881 and 1883. The area is now known as the Battle Ground of the Plains, which was the first town to be established on the land. The first town in the area was founded in 1883 and was named after the Battle of Gettysburg. The current town was established in 1885. It had a population 1,822 at the time of the 2010 United States census. It now has a size of 2.716, including 1,147 km² of land and 283 acres of water, which makes it the second-largest town in New Mexico after D.D.C.


Grand Junction has a cold semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk) Winters are cold and dry, with a January mean temperature of 27.4 °F (2.6 °C) The area receives little precipitation year-round, averaging 9.05 inches (229.9 mm) per season. Sunshine hours are abundant, even in winter, and total just over 3,200 hours per year, or 73% of the possible total. The average first freeze date is October 11, with the average last freeze date being April 25. The area averages 68 days a year with temperatures at 90°F (32°C) or above, and an average 8 days attaining 100 °F or more. Summer is hot and dry with a Julymean temperature of 78.2 °F [25.7 °C] and a September mean of 77.2°F [23.8 °C]. Grand Junction is located west of the Rockies and does not receive as much influence from the Chinook winds as locations in Colorado east of the Front Range, yet it does receive protection from the Arctic air masses that can settle to the east of. the Rockies. Grand Junction averages 17.6 inches (45 cm) of snowfall per season, though only once in the entire period of record dating to 1893, has observed 10 inches (25 cm) in a calendar day, though the median is 6.3 inches (16.0 cm), and moreover, snow cover is intermittent.


As of the census of 2000, there were 41,986 people, 17,865 households, and 10,540 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,362.6 inhabitants per square mile (526.1/km²). There were 18,784 housing units at an average density of 609.6 per squaremile (235.4/ km²) The racial makeup of the city was 91.78% White, 0.60% African American, 0.94% Native American,0.76% Asian, 3.81% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.86% of the population. Grand Junction is the principal city of the Grand Junction, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area. The city abuts smaller towns and unincorporated county areas which contribute to area commerce. The median income for a household in theCity was $33,152, and the median income. for a family was $43,851. The per capita income for the city is $19,692. About 7.5% of families and 11.9% of people were below the poverty line, including 11.8% of those under age 18 and 9.0% ofThose age 65 or over. The average household size is 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84. The. median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there are 95.1 males.


Farming, fruit growing, and cattle raising were the main economic activities in the region from the 1880s until the 1960s. Fruit orchards, particularly between Grand Junction and Palisade to the east, remain important to the region's reputation and economy to the present day. Uranium mining-related activities have also been significant. The city and the surrounding Grand Valley became prosperous in the 1970s and early 1980s largely because of the effects of oil shale development. The economic bust, known as "Black Sunday" (May 2, 1982) to the locals, started with a phone call from the president of Exxon to Governor Richard Douglas Lamm, stating that Exxon would cut its losses while retaining mining rights to the (then and currently) uneconomic oil. By 2008, the economy of Grand Junction appeared to be more diverse and stable than it had been in previous decades. Major contributors to the economy were health care, tourism, energy mining (gas and oil) and livestock. However, a major drop (in the summer of 2008) in natural gas well prices led to reduced drilling and related capital expenditures in the area, slowing the Grand Junction economy in 2009. Reports in 2009 suggested that Grand Junction had once again been hard-hit economically, with one report by April 2010 listing the area as having the largest percentage drop in employment of any "small city" in the United States. Grand Junction was being discovered by the "nation's elite business and leisure travelers" as a private jet travel destination for private jet travelers.


Colorado National Monument was home to a stage in the Coors Classic bicycle race known as "The Tour of the Moon" Since 1958, the JUCO World Series has been played at Suplizio Field. The city also has a professional Minor League Baseball team, the Grand Junction Jackalopes, who play in the Pioneer Baseball League. Colorado Mesa University as well as School District 51 sporting events are held in the city. The Grand Junction area is home to the University of Colorado at Colorado Springs and the Colorado Mesa College of Science and Technology. Grand Junction is also home to Colorado State University, which holds its football and basketball games at the university's Stocker Stadium. The Colorado National Monument is the site of the Tour of The Moon, a bicycle race that takes place every year in the summer. The Monument is located in the town of Grand Junction, Colorado, which has a population of around 2,000. The town is also the home of the Colorado State College of Colorado, where the football and volleyball teams play their home games in the stadium's stadium, which is located on the town's outskirts. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has a base in Grand Junction that is used to train soldiers and other military personnel for the Army National Guard and the National Guard. It also hosts the Colorado Army Air National Guard, which uses the Monument as a training base for the Colorado National Guard in the summers. The National Guard also uses the monument as a staging area for the U.N. Peacekeeping Force.

Parks and recreation

The Grand Junction area has developed as a mountain biking destination. Two prominent trails are the Tabeguache and Kokopelli trails, the latter running from near Loma to Moab, Utah. Fruita, Colorado, with its 18-Road trail system, is within 10 miles of the city and has become a major mountain bike destination. The town of Grand Junction is home to the Grand Canyon National Park, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is also home to a number of state parks, including Grand Canyon State Park and Grand Mesa State Park, as well as the Grand River Canyon National Recreation Area. The city's main airport is Grand Junction International Airport, which has a population of more than 100,000. The airport is located on the U.S. Turnpike, which runs from Colorado Springs to Salt Lake City, and the Colorado River, which flows into the Colorado Springs area. The Colorado River runs through the town, and it is a popular destination for bikers from as far away as California. The Grand River River runs from the town of Loma, Colorado to the Utah-Arizona border, where it runs into the Utah Wasatch Range. The Utah-California border is also a major destination for mountain bikers, with many trails running from Loma through the Wasatch Mountains to the California-Nevada border. The area's main town, Grand Junction, is also the home of the Grand Junction Mountain Bike Trail, which was established in the early 1900s.


Mesa Valley School District No. 51 provides comprehensive K12 public education to the Grand Junction area. Colorado Mesa University, a public, four-year, liberal arts college, serves as the primary provider of higher education on the Western Slope from its campus in central Grand Junction. District 51 partners with Western Colorado Community College (WCCC) to operate a vocational school, owned and operated by WCCC. The district operates five high schools: Fruita Monument, Central, Palisade, R-5, and Grand Junction High. It also operates numerous middle, elementary, and other types of schools, including East Middle School, Redlands Middle School and West Middle School. It was formerly known as UTEC and is located in the town of Grand Junction, Colorado. It has an average enrollment of just under 10,000 students and offers a variety of degrees, including a Masters in Business Administration, Educational Leadership, and ESOL. It is the largest school district in the state, with a total enrollment of more than 1.2 million students. The school district also operates a middle school, which has an enrollment of about 1,500 students, and a high school, with an average population of about 2,000. It operates a vocational college, which was formerly named UTEC, which offers a vocational program for high school and college-age students. In addition to the high schools, the district operates several elementary and middle schools, as well as a middle and elementary elementary school. It offers a number of special education programs, such as a pre-school program.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado = 85.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 87. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 51. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Grand Junction = 5.8 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 65,560 individuals with a median age of 38.4 age the population grows by 12.08% in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,654 residents per square mile of area (639/km²). There are average 2.22 people per household in the 20,203 households with an average household income of $45,143 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 8.00% of the available work force and has dropped -6.29% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 19.42%. The number of physicians in Grand Junction per 100,000 population = 265.3.


The annual rainfall in Grand Junction = 8.7 inches and the annual snowfall = 21.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 73. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 245. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 15.8 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 65, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado which are owned by the occupant = 61.51%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 32 years with median home cost = $199,980 and home appreciation of -10.92%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.20 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,372 per student. There are 18.7 students for each teacher in the school, 467 students for each Librarian and 334 students for each Counselor. 7.13% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 17.39% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.14% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Grand Junction's population in Mesa County, Colorado of 3,503 residents in 1900 has increased 18,72-fold to 65,560 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.02% female residents and 48.98% male residents live in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado.

    As of 2020 in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado are married and the remaining 44.23% are single population.

  • 16.8 minutes is the average time that residents in Grand Junction require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    75.96% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.80% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.89% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 4.66% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado, 61.51% are owner-occupied homes, another 33.79% are rented apartments, and the remaining 4.71% are vacant.

  • The 55.35% of the population in Grand Junction, Mesa County, Colorado who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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