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Marianna

Marianna, Florida

  •   State: 
    Florida
      County: 
    Jackson County
      City: 
    Marianna
      County FIPS: 
    12063
      Coordinates: 
    30°46′35″N 85°14′17″W
      Area total: 
    18.65 sq mi (48.29 km²)
      Area land: 
    18.60 sq mi (48.17 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.05 sq mi (0.12 km²)
      Elevation: 
    167 ft (51 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    30,7446
      Longitude: 
    -85,1622
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    32446
    32447
    32448
      GMAP: 

    Marianna, Jackson County, Florida, United States

  •   Population: 
    6,245
      Population density: 
    335.75 residents per square mile of area (129.63/km²)
      Household income: 
    $27,655
      Households: 
    2,372
      Unemployment rate: 
    7.20%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.50%

Marianna is a city in and the county seat of Jackson County, Florida, United States. The population was 6,102 at the 2010 census. In 2018 the estimated population was 7,091. Marianna was founded in 1828 by Scottish entrepreneur Scott Beverege, who named the town after his daughters Mary and Anna. Governor John Milton, a major planter who owned the Sylvania Plantation and hundreds of slaves, was a grandson of Revolutionary War hero John Millton, and a descendant of Sir Christopher Milton, the brother of the famous English poet, John Milton. A Marianna resident, he was elected as governor of Florida, serving during the Civil War years. Governor Milton opposed the Confederate States of America rejoining the U.S. He died of a gunshot wound from his gun at Sylvania on April 1, 1865, as the Southern cause was collapsing. A New York Times article, written in polemic style, attributed Governor Milton's sudden death to suicide, which conflicted with local reporting from Florida. After Reconstruction, violence continued in the state after Reconstruction, reaching a peak in most areas at the turn of the 20th century. In 1934 Claude Neal, a local African-American man, was accused of the rape and murder of a young white woman. He was moved between jails, but a lynch mob found him in Brewton, Alabama, and brought him back to Florida, killing him near the Chattahoochee River. In 1943 Celles Harrison was taken from the county jail at Greenwood and hanged by a white mob.

History

Marianna was founded in 1828 by Scottish entrepreneur Scott Beverege, who named the town after his daughters Mary and Anna.:442 The following year, it was designated as the county seat, superseding the earlier settlement of Webbville, which soon after dissolved and no longer exists. Governor John Milton, a major planter who owned the Sylvania Plantation and hundreds of slaves, was a grandson of Revolutionary War hero John Millton, and a descendant of Sir Christopher Milton, the brother of the famous English poet, John Milton. Governor Milton opposed the Confederate States of America rejoining the United States. On April 1, 1865, as the Southern cause was collapsing, Milton died of a gunshot wound from his gun at Sylvania. In 1934 Claude Neal, a local African-American man, was accused of the rape and murder of a young white woman. He was moved between jails, but a lynch mob found him in Brewton, Alabama. The mob abducted him and brought him back to Florida, killing him near the Chattahoochee River and Greenwood. In 1943, a white man was taken from the county jail at Marianna and hanged (lynched) near Greenwood. His case had been in the courts for two years in appeals, but whites were tired of waiting for the case to be resolved. He confessed without benefit of counsel, and his convictions were overturned by the Florida Supreme Court as a result of the Supreme Court's decision. The next day, whites rioted in town, attacking some blacks and destroying some of their houses.

Geography

Marianna is located in central Jackson County at 30°4635N 85°1417W (30.776370, 85.238149). U.S. Route 90 passes through the center of town as Lafayette Street. The Chipola River, which forms the eastern border of the city, is part of the Apalachicola River watershed. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.8 square miles (43.6 km²), of which 0.04 sq miles (0.1 km²) is water. The city is located on Florida State Road 276, which leads east 65 miles (105 km) to Tallahassee, the state capital, and west 130 miles (210km) to Pensacola. Access to Marianna is at Exit 136, Florida State road 276. The town has a population of 2,827. It is located at 30.4635 N 85.1417 W (30,7763 70, 85,238149), with a population density of 0.29 square miles per square mile (1.4 square km) per square kilometer (1,000/mi) of land. It has a latitude of 30.4735 N85.17W, and a longitude of 85.7415 W (29,7764 70,85,1417), making it one of the most humid cities in the state. In the summer, the average temperature in the city is 80 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius).

Demographics

As of the 2020 U.S. census, there were 6,245 people, 3,071 households, and 1,476 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 56.8% White, 40.2% African American, 0.3% Native American,0.7% Asian, 0,9% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.6% of the population. The city's median income was $23,861, and the median income for a family was $29,590. About 20.9% of families and 28.5% of residents were below the poverty line. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was2.96. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there are 88.9 males. The per capita income for the city is $14,021. It is the only city in the state with a population of more than 6,000. It has one of the highest homicide rates in the United States. It also has the highest murder rate in the State of New Mexico, with 76.7 out of every 100,000 people. It had the highest poverty rate of any city in New Mexico in 2010, with 41.7 per cent of residents under the age of 65. It was the second-largest city in Nevada, after Las Vegas, with a median income of $28,500. The highest crime rate was in the City of Las Vegas.

Education

Chipola College, home of the Chipola Indians, is the choice for many residents and offers dual-enrollment classes for high school students. The main branch of the Jackson County Library System is located in Marianna at 2929 Green Street. In 2018 it underwent a remodel and now offers an improved children's area, as well as an elevator and ADA accessible restrooms. The library provides public computers with internet access, free Wi-Fi, and numerous programs for every age group. It is also a member of the Panhandle Public Library Cooperative System (PPLCS) Membership in PPLCS enables Jackson County library users access to many online resources such as Rosetta Stone, genealogy and automotive repair databases, and downloadable E-books and E-audio books, in addition to a shared catalog of library materials from Jackson, Calhoun, and Holmes County Library Systems. The Jackson County School Board operates public K12 schools. Marianna has four schools, all of which usually perform in the high C-low B range in the state's FCAT grade scale. The school board also operates Jackson Alternative School for grades 4-12, and Hope School forgrades PK-12. The Marianna High School offers grades 912 to 914. The high school is home to the Marianna Indians, who are known as the "Chipola Indians" for their culture and traditions. The college is a four-year state institution offering bachelor's degrees in nine programs. Also, students can earn masters and doctoral degrees on theChipola Campus through Troy State University, University of Florida, Universityof West Florida, and Florida State University.

Transportation

Marianna Municipal Airport was developed at a former World War II Army Air Corps base that was transferred to the city. It is a public-use airport located 4 miles (6.4 km) northeast of the central business district. Freight service is provided by the Florida Gulf & Atlantic Railroad, which acquired most of the former CSX main line from Pensacola to Jacksonville on June 1, 2019. The city is home to the Florida Panhandle State Park, which overlooks the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Turnpike. The town is also known for its golf course, which was built in the 1930s. It was named after the town of Marianna, Florida, where the city's first mayor was elected in 1883. It has a population of 2,000, with the majority of its residents living in the central part of the city and the rest in the east and south. It also has a number of state highways, including Interstate 10, State Road 71, and State Road 73, which connect the city to the rest of Florida and Florida's panhandle. The airport is located at a site that was once the site of a World War Two Army Air corps base. It opened in 1946. The Florida Gulf and Atlantic Railroad acquired the main line between Pensacolas and Jacksonville in 2007. The line will be extended to Jacksonville by the end of the decade. It will be known as the Jacksonville-Pensacola Railroad. The railroad will be called the Jacksonville & Florida Gulf Coast Railway.

Attractions

Marianna is an official Florida Main Street town. The downtown area includes the Marianna Historic District, which has a number of antebellum homes. St. Luke's Episcopal Church and cemetery are state landmarks, as they had a principal role in the U.S. Civil War battle of Marianna in 1864. Florida Caverns State Park is located 2 miles (3 km) north of town. There is also cave diving in underwater Blue Springs. The Chipola River is a source of recreation during all but the winter months. It is also a popular tourist attraction in the spring and summer. The town is located on the Gulf of Mexico, which is one of Florida's most popular tourist destinations. It has a population of about 3,000. The city is located in the central part of the Florida panhandle, near the state capital of Tallahassee. It lies on the Florida Turnpike, one of the state's main north-to-south roads. It also has access to the Atlantic Ocean, the Florida Keys, and the Florida Panhandle. The Marianna River, which runs through the center of the town, is a popular destination in the summer and winter. It's also a good place to swim, especially in the evenings and early morning hours, when the water is low. The water is clear and clear all the way to the top of the hill. It can also be seen from a distance up to 3 miles (4 km) away.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida = 86. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 92. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 20. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Marianna = 5.7 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 6,245 individuals with a median age of 35.5 age the population dropped by -1.08% in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 335.75 residents per square mile of area (129.63/km²). There are average 2.16 people per household in the 2,372 households with an average household income of $27,655 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.20% of the available work force and has dropped -2.05% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 28.70%. The number of physicians in Marianna per 100,000 population = 84.7.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Marianna = 57.4 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 113. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 233. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 39 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 24, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida which are owned by the occupant = 51.22%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 48 years with median home cost = $100,880 and home appreciation of -7.28%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $5.41 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $4,259 per student. There are 16.4 students for each teacher in the school, 492 students for each Librarian and 284 students for each Counselor. 5.43% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 12.08% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 8.34% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Marianna's population in Jackson County, Florida of 11,616 residents in 1930 has dropped 0,54-fold to 6,245 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.53% female residents and 48.47% male residents live in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida.

    As of 2020 in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida are married and the remaining 55.28% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Marianna require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.79% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 11.68% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.28% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.17% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida, 51.22% are owner-occupied homes, another 36.86% are rented apartments, and the remaining 11.92% are vacant.

  • The 40.17% of the population in Marianna, Jackson County, Florida who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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