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City of Milledgeville

  •   State: 
    Baldwin County
      County FIPS: 
    33°5′16″N 83°14′0″W
      Area total: 
    20.48 sq mi (53.05 km²)
      Area land: 
    20.32 sq mi (52.63 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.16 sq mi (0.42 km²)
    330 ft (100 m)
    Incorporated December 12, 1804; 218 years ago ( 1804-12-12 )
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Milledgeville, GA
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    839.98 residents per square mile of area (324.31/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 
      Income taxes: 

Milledgeville is a city in and the county seat of Baldwin County in the U.S. state of Georgia. It is northeast of Macon and bordered on the east by the Oconee River. It was the capital of Georgia from 1804 to 1868, including during the American Civil War. The Old State Capitol is located here; it was added to the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP) Much of the original city is contained within the boundaries of the Millsgeville Historic District, which was also added to NRHP. Today U.S. Highway 441 connects Milledgesville to Madison, Athens, and Dublin. It had a combined population of 52,534 at the 2020 census, down from 17,715 at the 2010 US Census. The Fall Line Freeway, which is under construction, will link the city with Augusta, Macon, Columbus, and other Fall Line cities. It will also connect the city to Atlanta, the current capital city of Georgia, which has a population of more than 100,000. The city was named after Georgia governor John Milledge (in office 1802-1806), and was founded by European Americans at the start of the 19th century. It stood on the edge of the frontier at the Atlantic fall line, where the Upper Coastal Plain meets the foothills and plateau of the Piedmont. The cotton boom in this upland area significantly increased the demand for slave labor. The town market, where slave auctions took place, was located on Capital Square, next to the Presbyterian church.


Milledgeville was named after Georgia governor John Milledge (in office 1802-1806) It served as the state capital from 1804 to 1868. The cotton boom in this upland area significantly increased the demand for slave labor. In 1837-1842 the Georgia Lunatic Asylum (later the Central State Hospital) was built here. Oglethorpe University, where the poet Sidney Lanier was later educated, opened its doors in 1838. The town market, where slave auctions took place, was located on Capital Square, next to the Presbyterian church. By 1854 Baldwin County had a total population of 8,148, of whom 3,566 were free (mostly white), and 4,602 were African-American slaves. In November 1864 Union general William T. Sherman and 30,000 Union troops poured sorghum and molasses down the pipes of the organ at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church. In the 1980s and 1990s the town began to capitalize on the social and economic identity of its neighbors on the Oconee River, about 5 miles (8 km) north of the town. The community became an increasingly important part of the community because of the lake creating a huge reservoir called Lake Sinclair. It is now a less provincial town than many of its neighboring neighbors, and began to develop as a provincial town in the 1990s and many many many years later. It has a population of more than 100,000, making it one of the largest cities in Georgia.


Milledgeville is located at 33°516N 83°140W (33.087755, -83.233401) and is 301 feet (92 m) above sea level. U.S. Route 441 is the main route through the city. The Oconee River flows a half mile east of downtown on its way south to the Altamaha River. Lake Sinclair, a man-made lake, is about 5 miles (8 km) northeast of the city on the border of Baldwin, Putnam and Hancock counties. The city is composed of two main districts: a heavily commercialized area along the highway known to locals simply as "441," extending from a few blocks north of Georgia College & State University. and the "Downtown" area, encompassing the college, buildings housing city government agencies, various bars and restaurants. This historic area was laid out in 1803, with streets named after other counties in Georgia. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.6 square miles (53.3 km²), of which 20.4 sq miles (52.9 km²) is land and 0.15 sq mi (0.4 km 2) is water. Milledgevile is located on the Atlantic Seaboard fall line of the United. States. It is located near the Georgia-Florida border. It has a population of about 2,000. It was the site of the World War II Battle of the Bulge.


The population of the town of Milledgeville was 17,715 at the 2010 census. As of the 2020 U.S. census, there were 17,070 people, 5,895 households, and 2,852 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 49.94% White, 47.68% African American, 0.13% Native American, 1.55% Asian,0.01% Pacific Islander, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 1.23% of the population. The median income for a household in theCity was $30,484, and the median income. for a family was $44,683. About 14.8% of families and 24.0% of. the population were below the poverty line, including 28.8%. of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which runs through the town. It is located in the eastern part of the state, just south of the Arkansas Turnpike. The town has a population of 18,757, although a 2005 study estimates there to be aPopulation of 19,397. The population density was 938.8 inhabitants per square mile (362.5/km²) There were 5,356 housing units at an average density of 268.1 per squaremile (103.5 /km²).


The Milledgeville City Council is the city's legislative body, with the power to enact all ordinances and resolutions. Six council members are elected to represent their district, while the mayor is elected at-large, by city voters, for a four-year term. City Council meetings are held on the second and fourth Tuesday of the month. Meetings are open to the public and televised locally on MBC TV-4 Milledgesville/Baldwin County Governmental/Educational Access Cable Channel on local Charter Communications. In the November 2017 general election, incumbent Mayor Gary Thrower was defeated by Mary Parham-Copelan. She was sworn in as the city’s first African-American female mayor on December 29, 2017.Elected officials as of January 2021: 6 council members, 1 mayor, 1 councilwoman, 1 representative from the school district, and 1 council member from the community. The city has a population of 2,000, with a population growth rate of 1.7 percent per year, according to the 2010 Census. The mayor's office is located in the town's downtown area, at the corner of Main and Main streets. The council has a budget of $1.2 million, and the mayor's budget is $1 million. The City Council has a staff of six, with six members, one from the city council, and one member from each of the community districts. The Mayor's Office is located at the center of the city, in the downtown area of the town.

Educational institutions, colleges and universities

Milledgeville's public school system is governed by the Baldwin County School District. The school system building facilities were revamped during the 1990s and first decade of the 21st century, with all new buildings, including a new Board of Education office. The concept of a middle school was introduced, whereas previously 6th through 9th grades were housed in separate schools. The public library system is part of the Twin Lakes Library System. Mary Vinson Memorial Library is located downtown. Georgia College & State University also has a library. Georgia Military College prep school (grades K12) John Milledge Academy is a private school for K-12 students. Georgia Technical College (grades 7-12) is a prep school for high school students. The town's high school is Baldwin High School (grades 9-12). The town has a high school for middle schoolers (grades 8-11) and high school (grade 7-9) The high school has a college for high-school students (grades 6-12), and a private preparatory school for grades 7-11. The city has a private high school, Lakeview Academy, for grades 5-12. It also has an elementary school, Midway Hills Academy (grades 5-8) for grades 9-10. It has two private high schools for grades 11-12, and one for grades 13-14. It is home to the Georgia Tech Institute of Technology (grades 11-13) and Georgia State University (grades 12-14).

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia = 85. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 101. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Milledgeville = 5 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 17,070 individuals with a median age of 33.1 age the population grows by 5.38% in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 839.98 residents per square mile of area (324.31/km²). There are average 2.27 people per household in the 5,090 households with an average household income of $35,456 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 13.30% of the available work force and has dropped -5.78% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 15.14%. The number of physicians in Milledgeville per 100,000 population = 240.9.


The annual rainfall in Milledgeville = 46.2 inches and the annual snowfall = 0.7 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 105. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 216. 92 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 32 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 29, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia which are owned by the occupant = 43.06%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 36 years with median home cost = $104,050 and home appreciation of -3.90%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.77 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $4,945 per student. There are 14 students for each teacher in the school, 454 students for each Librarian and 407 students for each Counselor. 3.66% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.22% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.95% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Milledgeville's population in Baldwin County, Georgia of 4,219 residents in 1900 has increased 4,05-fold to 17,070 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 36.84% female residents and 63.16% male residents live in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia.

    As of 2020 in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia are married and the remaining 54.91% are single population.

  • 20 minutes is the average time that residents in Milledgeville require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    80.98% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.89% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.39% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.04% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia, 43.06% are owner-occupied homes, another 43.75% are rented apartments, and the remaining 13.19% are vacant.

  • The 28.23% of the population in Milledgeville, Baldwin County, Georgia who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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