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Jessup

  •   State: 
    Maryland
      County: 
    Howard County
      City: 
    Jessup
      County all: 
    Howard | Anne Arundel
      County FIPS: 
    24027 | 24003
      Coordinates: 
    39°8′57″N 76°46′31″W
      Area total: 
    6.05 sq mi (15.68 km²)
      Area land: 
    6.05 sq mi (15.66 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.01 sq mi (0.01 km²)
      Elevation: 
    217 ft (66 m)
      Established: 
    1863
  •   Latitude: 
    39,1504
      Longitude: 
    -76,7945
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Baltimore-Columbia-Towson, MD
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    20794
      GMAP: 

    Jessup, Howard County, Maryland, United States

  •   Population: 
    10,535
      Population density: 
    1,741.90 residents per square mile of area (672.56/km²)
      Household income: 
    $66,148
      Households: 
    492
      Unemployment rate: 
    6.70%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    6.00%
      Income taxes: 
    7.31%

Jessup is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Howard and Anne Arundel counties, about 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Baltimore, Maryland, United States. The name is generally attributed to Jonathan Jessup, a civil engineer who worked on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and the hand-dug "cut" though Merrill's Ridge he managed. The location of the town was named Pierceland on early maps, but the post-civil war name more commonly given was Jessup's Cut, a post village in Howard County. The Maryland House of Correction, operated by the Maryland Department of Corrections, included a large onsite farm manned with prison labor to provide food for prisoners onsite and offsite. The prison is referred to several times in the NBC television series Homicide: Life on the Street and the HBO original series, The Wire. Even though the maximum security prison is now closed, the town still houses a major minimum security prison, Brockbridge Correctional Facility, for violent offenders who are not deemed a threat to society due to the nature of their crimes. Due to its geographically central location in the state, Jessup is also home to the Maryland Food Center, which includes the Maryland Produce Market and the Maryland Seafood Market. The largest facility was operated by Giant Food, with a 60-acre (24 ha) 760,000 sq ft (71,000 m2) facility until September 2012. The company outsourced distribution to C&S Wholesale Grocers, relocating its operations to Pennsylvania.

Geography

Jessup is located at 39°0818N 76°4630W (39.138374, 76.774929). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 5.3 square miles (13.6 km²), all land. As of the 2010 census, the center of population for the state of Maryland is located on the grounds of the Clifton T. Perkins Hospital Center in Jessup. The town has a population of 2,816. It is located in the eastern part of the state, on the eastern edge of the Chesapeake Bay. The city is home to the University of Maryland, College Park, and the College Park Medical Center. It also has a branch of the College of Pharmacy, which was founded in 1876. The community is home of the University's Medical School, which dates back to the 18th century. It was founded by the family of William "Bill" Smith, who was a physician and surgeon. It has a history of being one of the first towns in the state to admit women to the hospital system. The CDP was established in 1881. It became the first town in Maryland to have a post-secondary school in 1883. It had a post office in 1887. It closed in 1891. It reopened in 1894, and has since become a suburb of the city of College Point, Maryland. The area was once known as "Jessup" before becoming a town.

History

Jessup is located near the site of the historic Spurrier's Tavern, a farm and tavern located on the post road between Baltimore and Washington. The location of the town was named Pierceland on early maps, but the post-civil war name more commonly given was Jessup's Cut, a post village in Howard County on the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. Due to its geographically central location in the state, Jessup is also home to the Maryland Food Center, which includes the Maryland Produce Market and the Maryland Seafood Market. The prison is referred to several times in the NBC television series Homicide: Life on the Street and the HBO original series, The Wire. The town still houses a major minimum security prison, Brockbridge Correctional Facility, for violent offenders who are not deemed a threat to society due to the nature of their crimes. Inmates today still refer to these jails as "the cut," probably unaware of the origin of the name.Jessup contains many warehouse delivery facilities. The largest facility was operated by Giant Food, with a 60-acre (24 ha) 760,000 sq ft (71,000 m2) facility until September 2012. The company outsourced distribution to C&S Wholesale Grocers, relocating its operations to Pennsylvania. In 2013, Coastal Sunbelt Produce announced plans to relocate its 900-employee facility out of state claiming the facility was unable expand to adjacent empty parcels. To the north of the quarry, Orson Adams built two nineteenth-century Victorian Manor Houses named Oak Hill on a 235-acre estate that anchored the community.

Neighborhoods

Major neighborhoods of Jessup include: Guilford, Waterloo Road, and Jessup Station. Jessup is located in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The town has a population of about 3,000. It is located on the eastern edge of the city of Baltimore. The city's population is about 2,000 people. It has one of the highest rates of obesity in the state of Maryland. It also has the highest rate of obesity of any city in the United States, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The city has a high percentage of people living in poverty. It's the second-highest rate of poverty in the county, after Baltimore City. The highest rate is in the city's northern neighborhoods, which have a low percentage of poverty. The lowest rate is found in the southern part of the town, which has the lowest percentage of low-income residents. The area is home to about 1,200 people. The average income in the town is about $30,000, compared to about $50,000 in Baltimore City and $60,000 for the city as a whole. The rate of unemployment is about 1.5 per cent, compared with 2 per cent in the rest of the county. The unemployment rate is about 3 per cent. The poverty rate is lower than the national average, and it's lower than it was in the mid-1980s and 1990s, when the city was in its infancy.

Demographics

As of the census of 2000, there were 7,865 people, 379 households, and 280 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,858.0 people per square mile (717.9/km²). There were 398 housing units at an average density of 94.0/sq mi (36.3/km 2) The racial makeup of the C DP was 67.73% African American, 31.28% White, 1.03% Hispanic or Latino, 0.33% Asian, 0,27% from other races, 0, 22% from two or more races, and 0.15% Native American. The average household size was 2.68 and the average family size was 3.04. The median income was $48,000, and the median income for a family was $55,139. About 5.0% of families and 7.1% of the population were below the poverty line. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race. The US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. The 2020 census will be held in New York City, New York State, and Washington, D.C. It will be the largest U.S. city in terms of population in the history of the city. It is also the largest city in the New York metropolitan area, with a population of 7.2 million.

Transportation

The major highways that run through Jessup are Interstate 95, U.S. Route 1 and Maryland Route 175. Exit 41 off I-95 provides access via MD 175 east. The Jessup stop on the Camden Line of the MARC Train system provides commuter rail service. Jessup is located on the Eastern Seaboard, in the eastern part of the state. The town has a population of about 2,000. It is located in the Baltimore County, Maryland, area and is on the eastern edge of the Baltimore metropolitan area. The city's population is about 3,000, making it one of the largest cities in the state, along with Baltimore and Baltimore County. It has an estimated population of 2,200, with the majority of its residents living in the town of Jessup and its surrounding areas.

Government

The Federal Bureau of Prisons operates the Mid-Atlantic Region Office in Jessup and in Anne Arundel County. The Clifton T. Perkins Hospital Center, built in 1960, is a Maryland State-run maximum security hospital for criminals who are adjudged not guilty by reason of insanity. The hospital is located in the town of Jessup, Maryland, on the Maryland-Virginia border. It is located on the Chesapeake Bay, near the city of Annapolis, Maryland. It was built in the 1960s as a maximum security prison for criminals. It has a capacity for 1,000 inmates. It also has a psychiatric unit for up to 100 patients. It opened its doors to the public in the 1970s. It closed its doors in the 1990s after a series of high-profile inmate suicides. It reopened in the 2000s, and now has a population of about 2,000. It's located in Jess up, Maryland and in the county's eastern part. It  is located near the Maryland/Virginia border, near Annapolis and the Maryland town of Chesapeake, Maryland on the Virginia-Maryland border, and has a nursing facility for about 1,100 patients. it is also home to the Maryland State Hospital for the Criminally Insane, which was opened in the 1980s. The state hospital is in the Jessup area of Maryland, but also has other facilities in the Baltimore area and the District of Columbia. The federal prison system operates in the region. It operates in Maryland, Virginia, and Maryland.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland = 14.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 55. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 77. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Jessup = 4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 10,535 individuals with a median age of 34.2 age the population grows by 5.06% in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,741.90 residents per square mile of area (672.56/km²). There are average 2.62 people per household in the 492 households with an average household income of $66,148 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 6.70% of the available work force and has dropped -4.84% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 23.62%. The number of physicians in Jessup per 100,000 population = 227.9.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Jessup = 43.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 16.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 109. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 214. 88 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 23.9 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 41, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland which are owned by the occupant = 74.42%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 35 years with median home cost = $175,030 and home appreciation of -7.49%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.70 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $6,079 per student. There are 15.8 students for each teacher in the school, 276 students for each Librarian and 349 students for each Counselor. 0.68% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 1.01% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.51% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Jessup's population in Howard County, Maryland of 2,866 residents in 1900 has increased 3,68-fold to 10,535 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 17.45% female residents and 82.55% male residents live in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland.

    As of 2020 in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland are married and the remaining 25.56% are single population.

  • 26.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Jessup require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    88.32% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 6.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.82% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.55% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland, 74.42% are owner-occupied homes, another 20.19% are rented apartments, and the remaining 5.38% are vacant.

  • The 40.40% of the population in Jessup, Howard County, Maryland who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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