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Okolona

Okolona, Mississippi

  •   State: 
    Mississippi
      County: 
    Chickasaw County
      City: 
    Okolona
      County all: 
    Chickasaw | Monroe | Lee | Pontotoc
      County FIPS: 
    28017 | 28095 | 28081 | 28115
      Coordinates: 
    34°0′21″N 88°45′2″W
      Area total: 
    7.19 sq mi (18.63 km²)
      Area land: 
    7.18 sq mi (18.59 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.02 sq mi (0.04 km²)
      Elevation: 
    338 ft (103 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    33,9884
      Longitude: 
    -88,752
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    38860
      GMAP: 

    Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi, United States

  •   Population: 
    2,513
      Population density: 
    350.15 residents per square mile of area (135.18/km²)
      Household income: 
    $21,869
      Households: 
    1,102
      Unemployment rate: 
    14.20%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.00%
      Income taxes: 
    5.00%

Okolona is a city in and one of the two county seats of Chickasaw County, Mississippi, United States. It is located near the eastern border of the county. The city was named as Rose Hill in 1845 early in its settlement, but residents later discovered that another location had this name. The Mobile and Ohio Railroad completed its tracks though Okolona in 1859, making the town a center for the ginning of cotton and its shipment to markets. Five skirmishes or battles between Union and Confederate forces occurred in and around the city during the Civil War. The eponymous Battle of Okolonna occurred in February 1864. The area was part of the original Cotton Belt of Mississippi well before the more famous Delta region gained fame for major cotton production. The Elliott-Donaldson House, constructed in 1850, survives and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. In the mid nineteenth century, the area, sometimes called the Black Belt or Prairie Belt, became what has been called the "Bread Basket of the Confederacy" Today it is central to the Oklona College Historic District. As of the 2020 United States Census, there were 2,513 people, 1,164 households, and 645 families residing in the city. There were 1,315 housing units at an average density of 207.3 per square mile (80.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 39.40% White, 59.62% African American, 0.13% from other races, and 06969% from two or more races.

History

Okolona is the primary city name, but also Egypt are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is Okolona, Mississippi. Okolona was named as Rose Hill in 1845 early in its settlement, but residents later discovered that another location had this name. The Mobile and Ohio Railroad completed its tracks though Okolona in 1859, making the town a center for the ginning of cotton and its shipment to markets. Five skirmishes or battles between Union and Confederate forces occurred in and around the town during the Civil War. The town grew along Main Street as a result of the railroad, but most commercial buildings from this period, including the depot, were burned during the civil war. The Elliott-Donaldson House, constructed in 1850, survives and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1980. Today it is central to the Okolonna College Historic District. The area was part of the original Cotton Belt of Mississippi well before the more famous Delta region gained fame for major cotton production. In the mid nineteenth century, Oklona and the surrounding Black Prairie, sometimes called the Black Belt or Prairie Belt, became what has been called the "Bread Basket of the Confederacy". The eponymous Battle of Okolana occurred in February 1864. In a running cavalry clash between Confederate General Nathan Bedford Forrest and Union General William Sooy Smith, the Federals were defeated just north and west of town. General Forrest's brother, Jeffery, was killed in the engagement. Today the town is home to an historically black college served African Americans 1902-1965. It is also the location of the National Museum of African American History and Culture.

Geography

As highways were built, they passed through the city, connecting it with other towns. This is the location of the junction of former U.S. Route 45 Alternate (Church Street) and Mississippi Highway 32 (Monroe Avenue) US-45A now bypasses the town to the east as a four-lane divided highway. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.66 square miles (17.26 km²) of which 6.64 square miles is land and 0.02 sq miles (0.04 km²), or 0.23%, is water. The city is located on the Mississippi River, which runs through the center of the city. It has a population of 2,816. The town is located in the Mississippi Delta, which is a region of deep, fertile soil. The Mississippi River flows through the centre of the town, passing through several small towns. It also runs through a small section of the Mississippi Gulf Coast, where it meets the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the Little Piney River. It is the only town in the region that is not located on a major river, and is the site of a major highway junction, the Mississippi Turnpike (US-45) and the Mississippi-Mississippi State Highway (MS-45). The city's population is 2,715. It was the birthplace of President Abraham Lincoln, who was born in the town in 1858. The current mayor is the son of a former mayor of the same town, who died in 1881.

Demographics

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,692 people living in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 39.40% White, 59.62% African American, 0.03% Native American, and 0.13% Asian. The city's population was spread out, with 30.0% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 24.7% from 25 to 44, 22.0%, and 14.5% who were 65 or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.16. The median income for a household in theCity was $20,000, and the median income. for a family was $32,147. 35.4% of the population and 29.7%. of families were below the poverty line. Of the total people living. in poverty, 55.4%. were under 18 and 20.9%. were 65 and older. There were 1,315 housing units at an average density of 207.3 per square mile (80.1/km²) The city had a population of 3,056 people, 1,177 households, and 786 families in the 2000 U.S. Census. The U.N. estimates the city will have 2,513 people in the 2020 U.K. Census, and 1,164 in the 2030 U.k. census, both numbers are based on the 2010 U.P. Census figures.

Education

Okolona is served by the Okolona Municipal Separate School District. On February 19, 2010, the Mississippi State Board of Education voted unanimously to abolish the school district. State Superintendent of Education Tom Burnham said the conservator of the district will be Mike Vinson.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi = 95.1. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 60. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Okolona = 5.1 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 2,513 individuals with a median age of 34.8 age the population dropped by -8.60% in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 350.15 residents per square mile of area (135.18/km²). There are average 2.47 people per household in the 1,102 households with an average household income of $21,869 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 14.20% of the available work force and has dropped -5.98% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 13.84%. The number of physicians in Okolona per 100,000 population = 67.3.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Okolona = 54.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 2.9 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 89. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 212. 91 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 32.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 27, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi which are owned by the occupant = 54.47%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 38 years with median home cost = $57,320 and home appreciation of 0.07%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $6.56 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,349 per student. There are 10.3 students for each teacher in the school, 311 students for each Librarian and 199 students for each Counselor. 7.34% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 7.98% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 2.54% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Okolona's population in Chickasaw County, Mississippi of 2,177 residents in 1900 has increased 1,15-fold to 2,513 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 55.38% female residents and 44.62% male residents live in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi.

    As of 2020 in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi are married and the remaining 59.04% are single population.

  • 24.4 minutes is the average time that residents in Okolona require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.48% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 15.84% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool and 0.29% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi, 54.47% are owner-occupied homes, another 31.95% are rented apartments, and the remaining 13.58% are vacant.

  • The 55.91% of the population in Okolona, Chickasaw County, Mississippi who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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