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Independence

City of Independence

  •   State: 
    Missouri
      County: 
    Jackson County
      City: 
    Independence
      County FIPS: 
    29095
      Coordinates: 
    39°04′42″N 94°25′10″W
      Area total: 
    78.42 sq mi (203.10 km²)
      Area land: 
    77.97 sq mi (201.93 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.45 sq mi (1.17 km²)
      Elevation: 
    863 ft (263 m)
  •   Latitude: 
    39,062
      Longitude: 
    -94,4115
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Kansas City, MO-KS
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    64050
    64051
    64052
    64053
    64054
    64055
    64056
    64057
    64058
      GMAP: 

    Independence, Jackson County, Missouri, United States

  •   Population: 
    123,011
      Population density: 
    1,577.75 residents per square mile of area (609.17/km²)
      Household income: 
    $43,447
      Households: 
    46,742
      Unemployment rate: 
    9.40%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    7.60%
      Income taxes: 
    6.00%

Independence is the fifth-largest city in Missouri and the county seat of Jackson County. In 2020, it had a total population of 123,011. It is the hometown of U.S. President Harry S. Truman, with the Truman Presidential Library and Museum, and the gravesites of Truman and First Lady Bess Truman. The city is sacred to the Latter Day Saint movement, as the home of Joseph Smith's 1831 Temple Lot. It was also a stopping point for the "Donner Party", an ill fated group of 19th Century wagon train emigrants whose westward journey along the California Trail ended in disaster; spawning one of the most well known and taboo stories of pioneer era America. It became part of the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and was named after the Declaration of Independence. Two important Civil War battles occurred at Independence: the first on August 11, 1862, when Confederate soldiers took control of the town and the second in October 1864, which resulted in a Union victory. The Harry S Truman National Historic Site (Truman's home) and Truman Presidential Museum are both located in Independence, as is one of Truman's boyhood residences at 39447 94°N24°W (N4472439) Independence is a satellite city of Kansas City, Missouri, and is the largest suburb on the Missouri side of the Kansas City metropolitan area. In the mid-19th century an Act of the U States Congress defined Independence as the start of the Oregon Trail. Between 1848 and 1868, it was a hub of the California trail.

History

Independence is the primary city name, but also Sugar Creek are acceptable city names or spellings. The official name is City of Independence. Independence was founded on March 29, 1827, and quickly became an important frontier town. Between 1848 and 1868, it was a hub of the California Trail. In the mid-19th century an Act of the United States Congress defined Independence as the start of the Oregon Trail. Two important Civil War battles occurred at Independence: the first on August 11, 1862, when Confederate soldiers took control of the town, and the second in October 1864, which resulted in a Union victory. United States President Harry S. Truman grew up in Independence, and in 1922 was elected judge of the county Court of Jackson County, Missouri (an administrative, not judicial, post). Although he was defeated for reelection in 1924, he won back the office in 1926 and was reelected in 1930. He would later return to the city after two terms as president. Both Truman and his wife, First Lady Bess Truman, were born and raised in Independence and both are buried there. Truman's home and museum are both located in the city, as is one of Truman's boyhood residences. The city is home to the Truman Presidential Library and Museum, as well as the Truman National Historic Site, which is also located in Independence. It is located on the Missouri River, near the current Kansas-Missouri border. Independence was also a stopping point for the "Donner Party", an ill fated group of 19th Century wagon train emigrants whose westward journey along the California trail ended in disaster; spawning one of the most well known stories of pioneer era America.

Geography

Independence is located at 39°447N 94°2424W (39.079805, 94.406551). It lies on the south bank of the Missouri River, near the western edge of the state. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 78.25 square miles (202.67 km²) of which 77.57 sq miles (200.91 km²), is land and 0.68sq miles (1.76km²) is water. The city is home to the University of Missouri-St. Louis, which was founded in 1858. It is also home to Missouri State University, which opened in 1883. The University of Nebraska-Lincoln is located in the eastern part of the city. It was the site of the first recorded African-American settlement in the state, in 1881. The university was founded by African-Americans in the late 19th century. It has been the home of the St. Louis Cardinals football team since 1883, and the St Louis Cardinals hockey team since the early 20th century, when it was founded. The Missouri River runs through the city, and it is located on the southern side of the Mississippi River, which flows into the Gulf of Mexico. The town is located near the town of Independence, Missouri, which is on the Missouri-Mississippi state line. It also has a population of about 2,000 people, most of whom live in or near the city of Independence.

Government

The Independence City Council is made up of six members. Judges are appointed by the City Mayor and serve a four-year term. The City Council also has the right to elect its own members to the City Council. The Council has the power to veto any legislation passed by the city council. The council can also vote to remove members from the council if they do not agree with the mayor's decision. The mayor can also appoint members of the council to serve a second term if he or she wins the election. The city council can vote to replace members who have been removed from the Council after serving a term of two years. It is possible to remove a member of the Council who has served more than two years in the council. It's possible to replace a council member with a member who has been serving less than a year. The public can vote on whether or not to remove the council member who served the most time in the previous term, and can also choose to replace them with someone who served less than two months of the current term. There is no limit on the number of council members that can be appointed to the council, but the council can only appoint one person at a time for a period of four years. There are no seats on the council that are open for more than one year, so there is no way for the public to vote on a new council member to be appointed after the first four years of the term. A council member can only serve a single term if she or he has been elected by the public.

Demographics

As of the census of 2010, there were 116,830 people, 48,742 households, and 30,165 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 85.7% White, 5.6% African American, 0.6%. Native American, 1.0% Asian, and 0.7%. Pacific Islander alone (1.0%. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.7%). Non-Hispanic Whites were 82.2% of the population, down from 98.4% in 1970. Independence has a population of 111,806 in 1980, 112,301 in 1990, and 113,288 in 2000. The median income for a household in theCity was $38,012, and the median income. for a family was $45,876. About 6.4%. of the families were below the poverty line, including 6.8% of those under the age of 18 and 6.7. of those over 65. The city's population was 1,446.3 inhabitants per square mile (558.4/km²) in 2000, and 1,506.1 inhabitants per sq. mile (581.5/km 2) in 2010. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was2.97. In the city, the population was spread out, with 23.9% under the Age of 18, 8. 7% from 18 to 24, 28.9%. from 25 to 44, 23.0! from 45 to 64, and 15.5% who were 65 years of age or older.

Economy

According to the town's 2016 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are: the city's two largest banks. The city's economy is based on a combination of manufacturing, construction and services. The top employers are based in the town of 4,000 people. The town has a population of 2,500 people, according to the 2016 Comprehensive annual financial report. The largest employers are the city’s two biggest banks, the town’S two largest contractors and the city-owned hospital. The biggest employers are also based in town, with a total of 1,400 people. It is the largest city in the state in terms of its population, with 2,400 residents. It has the highest unemployment rate in the county, with 1.7 percent. The economy is the second largest in the country, after the state's largest city, St. Louis, with 6.2 percent. It's the third largest economy in the U.S., with 2.3 percent of its workforce based in state and local government. The U.N. has the third-highest unemployment rate, followed by the state”s largest private sector employer, the state University of Wisconsin-St. Paul, with 4.6 percent. In the city, the unemployment rate is 2.7 per cent. The unemployment rate has been in the low to mid-teens for the past three years. The state's unemployment rate was 3.8 per cent in the year of 2013.

Education

Four school districts have areas within the city: Independence, Blue Springs, Fort Osage Schools, and Raytown. Three public high schools: Truman High School, Van Horn High School and William Chrisman High School. Two private high schools, Center Place Restoration School and Family Christian Academy, are also in the city. Blue River Community College, part of the Metropolitan Community College system, has a main campus in Lamoni, Iowa. Independence is home to the University of Missouri-Kansas City, which has a campus in the town of Independence, Missouri. The University of Kansas-St. Louis has a college campus in Kansas City, Missouri, which also has a satellite campus in Independence, Kansas, which is in the Kansas City suburb of Kansas City-Saint Louis. The city is also home to a private high school, Independence High, and a private middle school, which are located in the nearby town of Blue Springs. It is also the home of a private college, Independence State College, which offers a variety of programs and degrees. The town's main library is located in Blue Springs and is open to the public on weekdays. It also offers a number of programs that are available on weekends and holidays for students to study. It was founded in the early 1900s, and is located on the banks of the Missouri River, which runs through the city's downtown area. It's the only major city in the area that does not have its own airport. It has a large number of businesses, many of which are based in the Blue Springs area, and many of them are small.

Churches

Independence is home to the headquarters of several separatist denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. The Community of Christ has built a temple in Independence, and also maintains a large auditorium and other buildings nearby. One of the oldest churches in Independence is the First Presbyterian Church, founded in 1826. It was here in 1890 that Harry Truman saw Elizabeth (Bess) Wallace. Truman eventually married her after his return from World War I in 1919. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints operates a sizable visitors' center adjacent to the community of Christ Temple, and across the street from the original Temple Lot designated by Joseph Smith in 1830. The Lot itself is occupied by a small white-frame church building that serves as the headquarters and local meeting house for the Church of Christ (Temple Lot), among others. There are five Catholic churches and several Episcopal churches in the city, including the First Church of the Nazarene, which was founded in 1788. The City of Independence is located on the banks of the Missouri River, which runs through the town's central business district. It is the birthplace of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which built the Kansas City, Kansas, and Fort Leavenworth, Kansas railroads in the late 1800s and early 1900s. The city is also home to a number of non-denominational Christian churches, such as the Episcopal Church, the Catholic Church, and the Presbyterian Church of America, which dates back to the 18th century.

Libraries

Midwest Genealogy Center, the largest stand-alone public genealogy research library in America. Center for the Study of the Korean War, largest Korean War archive in the U.S. Truman Library Research Center, at the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library and Museum. Jackson County Historical Society Archives & Research Library. Kansas City Public Library operates the Trails West Branch in Independence. Mid-Continent Public Library operating two general library branches in Independence, and the Trails East Branch in Kansas City, Kansas. The National Frontier Trails Museum, located at the National Frontier trails Museum. The Overland Trails, focused on the settlement of the American West, at National Frontier Trail Museum, Kansas City. The American West Museum, focused at the Overland trails, and at the Kansas City Museum of History and Science, Kansas, the National West Museum of Art, Kansas and the National Western Museum of the United States, Kansas, The National Park Service, based at the University of Kansas, operates the National Park Trail Museum in Kansas, which is part of the National Museum of American History and Culture. The University of Missouri-Kansas City, which has its own branch of the Library of Congress, is home to the American Museum of Natural History and History, which was founded in 1872. The U.N. World Heritage Center, based in New York City, is based in Washington, D.C., and has a branch in Paris, France. The World War II Memorial, in New Mexico, is the largest memorial of its kind in the world.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri = 45.8. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 20. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Independence = 4.4 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 123,011 individuals with a median age of 39.5 age the population dropped by -2.72% in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 1,577.75 residents per square mile of area (609.17/km²). There are average 2.33 people per household in the 46,742 households with an average household income of $43,447 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 9.40% of the available work force and has dropped -2.65% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 25.30%. The number of physicians in Independence per 100,000 population = 209.7.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Independence = 44.6 inches and the annual snowfall = 16.1 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 111. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 217. 87 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 19.5 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 33, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri which are owned by the occupant = 62.19%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 43 years with median home cost = $89,100 and home appreciation of -2.22%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $11.66 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $5,160 per student. There are 16.2 students for each teacher in the school, 648 students for each Librarian and 390 students for each Counselor. 5.41% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 10.51% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 5.43% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Independence's population in Jackson County, Missouri of 6,974 residents in 1900 has increased 17,64-fold to 123,011 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.87% female residents and 48.13% male residents live in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri.

    As of 2020 in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri are married and the remaining 43.73% are single population.

  • 26.2 minutes is the average time that residents in Independence require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    82.74% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 12.04% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 0.79% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 2.16% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri, 62.19% are owner-occupied homes, another 29.45% are rented apartments, and the remaining 8.36% are vacant.

  • The 49.30% of the population in Independence, Jackson County, Missouri who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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