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  •   State: 
    Humboldt County
      County FIPS: 
    40°58′6″N 117°43′36″W
      Area total: 
    9.77 sq mi (25.30 km²)
      Area land: 
    9.77 sq mi (25.30 km²)
      Area water: 
    0.00 sq mi (0.00 km²)
    4,295 ft (1,309 m)
  •   Latitude: 
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Winnemucca, NV
    Pacific Standard Time (PST) UTC-8:00; Pacific Daylight Time (PDT) UTC-7:00
      ZIP codes: 

    Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States

  •   Population: 
      Population density: 
    863.04 residents per square mile of area (333.22/km²)
      Household income: 
      Unemployment rate: 
  •   Sales taxes: 

Winnemucca is the only incorporated city in, and is the county seat of, Humboldt County, Nevada, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 8,431, up 14.0 percent from the 2010 Census figure of 7,396. The city is home to the Buckaroo Hall of Fame and Heritage Museum. It is located at 40°586N 117°4336W (40.968212, 117.726662). The city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km²), all land. It has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), averaging 8.28 in (210 mm) of precipitation annually. The highest recorded temperature was 109 °F (43 °C), on July 11, 2002, and the lowest temperature was 37 °C (38 °F) on December 22, 1990. Freezing temperatures have been recorded in every month of the year. The town was named for the 19th-century Chief WinnemUcca of the local Northern Paiute tribe, who traditionally lived in this area. In honor of its Basque heritage, the town hosts an annual Basque Festival. The Chinese originally came to the area as workers on the transcontinental Central Pacific Railroad, which reached the city in 1868. In 1911, the community was visited by Sun Yat-Sen, later to become Chinese president, on a fund-raising tour of the United States to help the Xinhai Revolution.

History and culture

Winnemucca is a town in Humboldt County, Nevada. The town was named for the 19th-century Chief WinnemUcca of the local Northern Paiute tribe. Basque immigrants worked as sheep-herders starting in the mid-19th century. In 1911, the community was visited by Sun Yat-Sen, later to become Chinese president. The city's brothel district is known as "The Line" or "The Ring Circle", based on the layout of the street where the brothels are located. The Buckaroo Hall of Fame and Heritage Museum is located in the town's downtown area. It is home to the Nevada State Museum and the Nevada Museum of History and Science, which was founded in 1881 and opened in 1883. It was named after the Paiute chief's daughter, Sarah Winnemucca, who wrote the first autobiography written by a Native American woman. It has been described as "one of the most enduring ethno-historical books written by an American Indian" In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the town had a vibrant Chinatown. The last structure associated with Chinatown, the Joss House, was demolished on March 8, 1955, by order of the Winnamucca City Council. As of 2015, there have been no operating bro thels in Winnemuncca, and sex workers must register their vehicles with the local police. The community styles itself "The City of Paved Streets".

Geography and climate

Winnemucca's climate is semi-arid (Köppen climate classification BSk), averaging 8.28 in (210 mm) of precipitation annually. Summer days tend to be hot, but the temperature drops significantly at night. Winters are cold with generally light snow, with 22.0 in (56 cm) falling during a typical year. Freezing temperatures have been observed in every month of the year. The city has a total area of 9.4 square miles (24.3 km²), all land. The highest recorded temperature in WinnemUcca was 109 °F (43 °C), on July 11, 2002, and the lowest recorded temperature was 37 °f (38 °C) on December 22, 1990. It is located at 40°586N 117°4336W (40.968212, 117.726662). According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city's population in 2010 was 4,816. It has a population density of 1,079.2 per square mile (1,077.4 per km²) The city is located on the Nevada-California border and is located in the eastern portion of the Mojave Desert. It lies at an elevation of 40.586 N 117.4336 W, and has a land mass of 9,822.4 sq miles (24.3km²) It has an average annual precipitation of 8,28 inches (210mm).


As of the census of 2000, there were 7,174 people, 2,736 households, and 1,824 families residing in the city. Basque Americans make up 4.2% of the population of Winnemucca, the highest percentage of any city in the United States. The median income for a household in theCity was $46,699, and the median income. for a family was $53,681. The per capita income for the city was $21,441. About 10.8% of those under the age of 18 and 8.1% of people 65 and older were living below the poverty line. The city is located on the U.S.-Mexico border and is located in the eastern part of the state of Nuevo Laredo. It is located at the junction of Interstate 40 and Interstate 80. The U.N. Census Bureau estimates the city has a population of 7,000, up from 7,200 at the start of the 2010 Census. The population growth rate since the 2000 Census has been 2.2%. The city's population has grown from 6,000 to 7,400 in that time. The growth rate has been fueled by the increase in the number of people living in the area, as well as a decrease in the percentage of the city's residents who are Hispanic or Latino. The percentage of people who are Native American or Native American is 0.89%. It is also the lowest of any U. S. city in terms of percentage of Native Americans.


The Winnemucca Indian Colony of Nevada is a federally recognized tribe of Western Shoshone and Northern Paiute Indians in northwestern Nevada. The tribe has its headquarters in WinnemUcca. It is a member of the U.S. Army's 7th Cavalry, which is based in Las Vegas, Nevada. It has a history of fighting in the Civil War, World War II, and the Korean War. It also has a long history of being involved in Native American affairs, including the creation of the Wounded Horse Army in the 1930s. It was founded by the Shoshones and the Northern Paiutes in the early 1800s, and is now part of the United States Army. It claims to be the only tribe in the state of Nevada that has ever fought in the war with the Soviet Union in World War I and II. In the 1950s and 1960s, the tribe was involved in the Battle of the Bulge, which was fought by members of both tribes. It claimed to have been responsible for most of the deaths of Native Americans in the area, including many of the Native Americans who had been killed in the Second World War. The U.N. has recognized the tribe as a tribe since the 1970s, but it has not been officially recognized since the late 1980s. In 2009, it was the subject of a film, "Winnie the Pooh," which was based on the book "The Little Indians" by John Wayne Gacy, who was born in the tribe.


Winnemucca is near the half-way point between Salt Lake City and San Francisco along Interstate 80. The California Zephyr provides a daily service in both directions between San Francisco and Chicago. There are no scheduled passenger services. The closest commercial airports are RenoTahoe International Airport in Reno and Elko Regional Airport in Elko. Local aviation needs are served by the WinnemUcca Municipal Airport, located about 5 miles southwest of downtown. The town has been a station on the Transcontinental Railroad since 1867, but the station is now unstaffed. Amtrak tickets for railway transportation in Winn Emucca can be purchased online. The city is located on the eastern edge of the Sierra foothills and is located in the eastern part of the Nevada foothills, near the San Francisco Bay Area. It has a population of about 2,000 people, with the majority living in the town of about 1,500 people.


Many of Winnemucca's residents are employed by large mining companies such as Newmont and Barrick Gold. Carry-On Trailers employs over 100 residents at their manufacturing facility in the Airport Industrial Park. WinnemUcca Farms, casinos, hotels, motels and restaurants are also located in the city.Until 2013, Winnemicca Farms operated the world's largest potato dehydration plant. The area is still one of the largest potato farming areas in the world. The city has a decent and growing Nevada tourism base. It is located on the Nevada Turnpike, which runs through Las Vegas. The town has a population of around 4,000. It was founded as a mining town in the early 1900s and is now home to a number of mining companies, including Newmont, Barrick and Goldcorp. It also has a growing tourism base with many casinos and motels located in and around the city, as well as a large number of restaurants and bars. It has a reputation for being a great place to live and to work, especially in the gold mining industry, which has been around since the 1800s. It's also a popular tourist destination for the Las Vegas Strip and other parts of the state, with many hotels and casinos located in Winnemecca. It boasts a large population of people who live and work in the area. In addition to mining, the city is home to many other industries, such as agriculture, construction and manufacturing. It even has a small number of golf courses, which are popular with tourists.


Winnemucca has a public library, a branch of the Humboldt County Library. Three K-4 elementary schools, Grass Valley, Sonoma Heights, and WinnemUcca Grammar School serve Winnemuscca. All of Winnemucus is zoned to French Ford Middle School. Albert M. Lowry High School's mascot is the Buckaroos. The school district is based in Eureka, California. It is one of the largest school districts in the U.S., with more than 100,000 students. The district has a budget of more than $1.5 billion for the 2014-2015 school year. It also has a $1 billion budget for the 2015-16 school year, which will be the school year for the first time since 2008-09. The high school has a capacity of 912 students. It was built in the 1970s and is the largest high school in the state. It has a mascot of the same name: the buckaroos, which is the school's mascot. The elementary schools are located in Grass Valley and Sonomas Heights. The middle school is located in the town of Sonoma, California, and the high school is in the city of Eurek. The public library has a branch in WinnemUSC. The library is located at the Eurekos Elementary School in the Town of Grass Valley. The town is home to three elementary schools and one middle school. The community is also home to a junior high and high school.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada = 99. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 30. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 99. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Winnemucca = 5.2 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO ( and is uniform worldwide.


The most recent city population of 4,900 individuals with a median age of 37.3 age the population grows by 10.76% in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 863.04 residents per square mile of area (333.22/km²). There are average 2.61 people per household in the 3,016 households with an average household income of $58,221 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is 7.80% of the available work force and has dropped -2.63% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 26.94%. The number of physicians in Winnemucca per 100,000 population = 62.8.


The annual rainfall in Winnemucca = 8.3 inches and the annual snowfall = 16.4 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 68. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 223. 92 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 17.4 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 75, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada which are owned by the occupant = 57.58%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 27 years with median home cost = $156,420 and home appreciation of -6.67%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $7.74 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.


The local school district spends $5,488 per student. There are 16.9 students for each teacher in the school, 3386 students for each Librarian and 423 students for each Counselor. 6.26% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 14.90% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 6.50% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Winnemucca's population in Humboldt County, Nevada of 1,110 residents in 1900 has increased 4,41-fold to 4,900 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 48.31% female residents and 51.69% male residents live in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada.

    As of 2020 in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada are married and the remaining 40.64% are single population.

  • 23.9 minutes is the average time that residents in Winnemucca require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    61.85% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 23.33% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 9.10% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 0.43% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada, 57.58% are owner-occupied homes, another 27.48% are rented apartments, and the remaining 14.94% are vacant.

  • The 40.38% of the population in Winnemucca, Humboldt County, Nevada who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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