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Tulsa

  •   State: 
    Oklahoma
      County: 
    Tulsa County
      City: 
    Tulsa
      County FIPS: 
    40143
      Coordinates: 
    36°07′53″N 95°56′14″W
      Area total: 
    201.84 sq mi
      Area land: 
    197.76 sq mi (512.21 km²)
      Area water: 
    4.09 sq mi (10.58 km²)
      Elevation: 
    722 ft (194 m)
      Established: 
    1830
  •   Latitude: 
    36,1509
      Longitude: 
    -95,994
      Dman name cbsa: 
    Tulsa, OK
      Timezone: 
    Eastern Standard Time (EST) UTC-5:00; Eastern Daylight Time (EDT) UTC-4:00
      ZIP codes: 
    74101
    74102
    74103
    74104
    74105
    74106
    74107
    74108
    74110
    74112
    74114
    74115
    74116
    74117
    74119
    74120
    74121
    74126
    74127
    74128
    74129
    74130
    74132
    74133
    74134
    74135
    74136
    74137
    74145
    74146
    74147
    74149
    74150
    74152
    74153
    74155
    74157
    74159
    74169
    74170
    74171
    74172
    74182
      GMAP: 

    Tulsa, Tulsa County, Oklahoma, United States

  •   Population: 
    413,066
      Population density: 
    2,088.67 residents per square mile of area (806.44/km²)
      Household income: 
    $41,511
      Households: 
    163,154
      Unemployment rate: 
    7.20%
  •   Sales taxes: 
    8.52%
      Income taxes: 
    6.65%

Tulsa was settled between 1828 and 1836 by the Lochapoka Band of Creek Native American tribe. For most of the 20th century, the city held the nickname "Oil Capital of the World" and played a major role as one of the most important hubs for the American oil industry. The city is situated on the Arkansas River between the Osage Hills and the foothills of the Ozark Mountains in northeast Oklahoma, a region of the state known as "Green Country" Considered the cultural and arts center of Oklahoma, Tulsa houses two art museums, full-time professional opera and ballet companies. Two institutions of higher education within the city have sports teams at the NCAA Division I level: Oral Roberts University and the University of Tulsa. In 2020, the Supreme Court ruled that much of eastern Oklahoma, including much of Tulsa, falls in the category of Indian Country, reshaping much of the legal jurisdiction in the region. The University of Oklahoma has a secondary campus at the Tulsa Schusterman Center, and Oklahoma State University has asecondary campus located in downtown Tulsa. Tulsa was officially incorporated and elected Edwardalkins as the city's first mayor on January 18, 1898. In the years after the Civil War and around the turn of the century, Tulsa was periodically home to or visited by a series of colorful outlaws, including the legendary Wild Bunch, the Dalton Gang, and Little Britches. On August 1, 1882, the town was almost centered at a location just north of the current Whittier Square, when a construction crew laying out the line of the St. Louis-San Francisco Railroad chose that spot for a sidetrack.

History

The area where Tulsa now exists is considered Indian Territory, on the land of the Kiikaapoi (Kickapoo), Wahzhazhe Ma zha (Osage), Muscogee (Creek), and Caddo tribes. The area around Tulsa was also settled by members of the other so-called "Five Civilized Tribes" who had been relocated to Oklahoma from the Southern United States. In the years after the Civil War and around the turn of the century, the area along the Arkansas River that is now Tulsa was periodically home to or visited by a series of colorful outlaws, including the legendary Wild Bunch, the Dalton Gang, and Little Britches. On January 18, 1898, Tulsa was officially incorporated and elected Edward Calkins as the city's first mayor. By 1905, the discovery of the grand Glenn Pool Oil Reserve (located approximately 15 miles south of downtown Tulsa and site of the present-day town of Glenpool) prompted a rush of entrepreneurs to the area's growing number of oil fields. Tulsa's population swelled to over 140,000 between 1901 and 1930. Profits from the oil industry continued through the Great Depression, helping the city't economy fare better than most in the United States during the 1930s. In 1921, the Tulsa Race Massacre, said to be "the worst incident of racial violence in American history", in which mobs of White Tulsans killed and burned down the Black community, burned down homes and businesses.

Geography

Tulsa is located in the northeastern corner of Oklahoma between the edge of the Great Plains and the foot of the Ozarks in a generally forested region of rolling hills. The city developed on both sides of the prominent Arkansas River, which flows in a wide, sandy-bottomed channel. Holmes Peak, north of the city, is the tallest point in the Tulsa Metro area at 1,360 ft (415 m) According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 186.8 square miles (484 km²), of which 182.6 sq miles (473 km²) is land and 4.2sq miles (11km²) (2.24%) is water. A building boom in Tulsa in the early 20th century coincided with the rise of art deco architecture in the United States. Noted architects and firms working in Tulsa during this period include Charles Dilbeck, John Duncan Forsyth, and Nelle Peters. The Prairie School was very influential in Tulsa: Barry Byrne designed Tulsa's Christ the King Church and, in 1927, Frank Lloyd Wright's midtown Tulsa residential project Westhope was completed. Tulsa's Mies-trained modernist Robert Lawton Jones designed many buildings in the region, including the Tulsa International Airport. Tulsa also has the third-tall and fourth-tall buildings in Oklahoma and the surrounding states of Missouri, New Mexico, Arkansas, and Kansas, including Oral Roberts University, Oral Roberts Post-Modern Tower.

Demographics

As of the 2010 census, there were 391,906 people, 163,975 households, and 95,246 families residing in the city, with a population density of 2,033.4 inhabitants per square mile. Of the city's population over the age of 25, 29.8% holds a bachelor's degree or higher, and 86.5% have a high school diploma or equivalent. The second-largest religion in Tulsa is Islam, followed by Buddhism and Judaism. The Tulsa Metropolitan Area, or the region immediately surrounding Tulsa with strong social and economic ties, occupies a large portion of the state's northeastern quadrant. The 2020 U.S. Census shows the Tulsa-Muscogee-Bartlesville CSA to have 1,134,125 residents. Tulsa is home to Oral Roberts University, and RHEMA Bible Training College (in the "buckle of the Bible Belt"), which is sometimes called the "Bible Belt" Beyond Broken Arrow, home of Broken Arrow University, is a suburb of Tulsa, home to a number of prominent Protestant Christians, including Joel Osteen, Kenneth E. Pearson, Carlton Pearson, and Billy James Hargis Mother Tucker. The city is also home to Mainline Presbyterian Church, which was founded during the early 20th century oil boom and is noted for its striking art deco architecture. In 2011, the median income for a household in Tulsa was $40,268, while the per capita income for the city was $26,727.

Economy

Traditionally, Tulsa's economy has been led by the energy industry. New drilling techniques and the rise of natural gas have buoyed the growth of the city's energy sector. Diversification efforts in economic diversification have created a base in the sectors of aerospace, finance, technology, telecommunications, high tech, and manufacturing. In 2006, Forbes magazine rated Tulsa as second in the nation in income growth, and one of the best cities in the country to do business with. Since 2006, more than 28,000 jobs have been added to the city. The unemployment rate of Tulsa in August 2014 was 4.5%. A number of the Cherokee Nation Businesses are also headquartered or have substantial operations in Tulsa. American Airlines announced in February, 2020 that it will pour $550 million over seven years into its maintenance base, the largest economic development in Tulsa's history. The Port of Catoosa and the Catoosa International Airport are the largest maintenance and engineering facilities in the world, serving the world's largest airline's maintenance base. The city is home to a burgeoning media industry, including PennWell, consumer review website ConsumerAffairs, Stephens Media Group, This Land Press, Educational Development Corporation (the parent publisher of Kane/Miller), GEB America, Blooming Twig Books, and a full range of local media outlets. The national convenience store chain QuikTrip, fast-casual restaurant chain Camille's Sidewalk Cafe, and pizza chain Mazzio's are all headquartered in Tulsa, as is Southern regional BBQ restaurant Rib Crib.

Culture

Tulsa culture is influenced by the nearby Southwest, Midwest, and Southern cultural regions, as well as a historical Native American presence. These influences are expressed in the city's museums, cultural centers, performing arts venues, ethnic festivals, park systems, zoos, wildlife preserves, and large and growing collections of public sculptures, monuments, and artwork. The city hosts a number of galleries, experimental art-spaces, smaller museums, and display spaces located throughout the city (clustered mostly in downtown, Brookside, and the Pearl District). Living Arts of Tulsa, in downtown Tulsa, is among the organizations dedicated to promoting and sustaining an active arts scene in Tulsa. In 2020, Avery Plaza is scheduled to open to the public, featuring replicas of Tulsa-area motels from the Will Rogers era, including the Motel Court and the Ford Model T. The Golden Driller guards the front entrance to the Tulsa County Fairgrounds. The Cyrus Avery Centennial Plaza contains a giant sculpture weighing 20,000 pounds (9,100 kg) called "East Meets West" and costing $1.178 million. In 2012, the city hosted the U.S. Open of the World, which was held in New York City's Times Square. The event was attended by President Barack Obama, Vice President Joe Biden, Secretary of State John Kerry, and other dignitaries. It was the first time the city has hosted the Olympics, which took place in 1988 in New Mexico.

Cuisine

Tulsa restaurants and food trucks offer a number of cuisines. Lebanese steakhouses were once numerous in the region stretching from Bristow, Oklahoma to Tulsa. The wild onion dinner is a festive gathering that originated with the Southeastern tribes which call Eastern Oklahoma home. Tulsa's traditional cuisine reflects the influence of Southern foodways, particularly "upland South and... Texas where many of Oklahoma's nineteenth-century population originated" Tulsa is home to the Oklahoma Sugar Arts Show, a premier sugar craft competition hosted by Tulsa-based Food Network personality Kerry Vincent. The Ahrens Brewing Company opened their first microbrewery in the post-World War II era in the late 1930s. Tulsa is also home to several national dessert companies: Bama Pie Company, Daylight Donuts and the Pancho Anaya Mexican bakery, recognized by Food & Wine as one of America's 100 best bakeries. The city's barbecue is also helped by its geography; the wood used in barbecuing is abundant in Northeastern Oklahoma (including pecan, oak, hickory, mesquite and maple). The region's ethnic diversity is felt, too: its BBQ traditions bear the influences of white, African-American and American Indian foodways. Many of Tulsa's restaurants sell Greek food, either year round or at Tulsa's annual Greek Holiday, sponsored by Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Church (which dates to 1925). The Tulsa Indian Women's Club has been holding annual Wild Onion Dinners since at least 1932.

Sports

Tulsa supports a wide array of sports at the professional and collegiate levels. The city hosts two NCAA Division I colleges and multiple professional minor league sports teams in baseball, football, hockey, and soccer. In 2007, Tulsa's top-ranked player Arnau Brugués-Davi ranked as high as #1 in the nation and a four time All-American, advanced to the quarterfinals of the singles competition at the NCAA Men's Tennis Championship. In 1984, the city hosted the Oklahoma Outlaws of the now-defunct United States Football League for a single season. In 2008, Tulsa funded $39.2 million to build a new ballpark in the Greenwood District near downtown for the Drillers. The 19,199-seat BOK Center is the centerpiece of the Vision 2025 projects and was completed in August 2008. It was the home for the city's Tulsa Shock WNBA, Tulsa Talons arena football, and Tulsa Oilers ice hockey teams; as of 2022, the Oilers are the sole remaining tenant. The Southern Hills Country Club is one of only two courses that have hosted seven men's major championships: three U.S. Opens and four PGA Championships, the most recent in 2022. The course has held five amateur championships and from 2001 to 2008 the LPGA had a regular tour stop at Cedar Ridge Country Club. Tulsa also hosts two golf courses designed by famed golf course architect A.W. Tillinghast: the Oaks Country Club and Tulsa Country Club; the Tom Fazio-designed Golf Club of Oklahoma is located outside of Tulsa.

Parks

As of 2016, the city of Tulsa manages 134 parks spread over 8,278 acres (3,350 ha) Some Tulsa-area parks are run by Tulsa County Parks. The River Parks Turkey Mountain Urban Wilderness Area on the west side of the Arkansas River in south Tulsa is a 300-acre (120 ha) area that contains over 45 miles (72 km) of dirt trails. In addition, after years of planning, generous donations and input from the community, 66 acres (27 ha) of central Tulsa was transformed into Gathering Place, a $465 million park that opened September 8, 2018. The $47 million, 50,000-square-foot (4,600 m2) Discovery Lab is a hands-on museum also featuring classrooms, a café, grand plaza, and 300-seat amphitheater; it opened on January 24, 2022. With a $100 million endowment for maintenance and family programming from the George Kaiser Family Foundation alone, it one of the largest and most ambitious public parks ever created with private funds. The main attractions are the Chapman Adventure Playground, the Williams Lodge, a boathouse, splash playground, great lawn, outdoor sports courts, a skate park, a wetland pond and garden, and numerous trails among other locations. Tulsa's Gathering Place was named the Best New Attraction in the Nation in 2018 through the USA Today Readers Choice awards. Groundbreaking on the anchor project for phase two, Discovery Lab, occurred in February 2020.

Government

Tulsa's mayor-council government has been in place since 1989. The present mayor of Tulsa is Republican G. T. Bynum, who won the 2016 mayoral election and took office on December 5, 2016. A city councilor from each of the city's nine council districts is elected every two years, each serving a term of two years. As a whole, the council acts as the legislative body, which aims to pass laws, approve the city budget, and manage efficiency in the city government. A third body of the government, the city auditor, is elected independently to ensure that the auditor can act in an objective manner. Municipal and state laws are enforced in Tulsa by the Tulsa Police Department, an organization of 781 officers as of 2012. The city serves as the seat of county government for Tulsa County, and lies mostly within Oklahoma's 1st congressional district, with its far northwestern areas in southern Osage County in Oklahoma's 3rd congressional district. In 1990 the city hit a record of 60 homicides, the highest since the 1981 peak. North Tulsa has the highest crime rate, with public housing projects being the most heavily affected areas. On June 1, 2022, a mass shooting occurred in a medical center, killing at least 4 people, including the perpetrator. In 1986, gang graffiti started to show up on walls and drive-by shootings started occurring on late nights. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, when crack cocaine flooded neighborhoods in North Tulsa. Tulsa gang problems became noticeable after an outbreak of gang-related crime between 1980 and 1983, which was traced to the Crips.

Air Quality, Water Quality, Superfund Sites & UV Index

The Air Quality index is in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma = 34.5. These Air Quality index is based on annual reports from the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The number of ozone alert days is used as an indicator of air quality, as are the amounts of seven pollutants including particulates, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, lead, and volatile organic chemicals. The Water Quality Index is 59. A measure of the quality of an area’s water supply as rated by the EPA. Higher values are better (100=best). The EPA has a complex method of measuring the watershed quality, using 15 indicators such as pollutants, turbidity, sediments, and toxic discharges. The Superfund Sites Index is 30. Higher is better (100=best). Based upon the number and impact of EPA Superfund pollution sites in the county, including spending on the cleanup efforts. The UV Index in Tulsa = 4.9 and is a measure of an area's exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays. This is most often a combination of sunny weather, altitude, and latitude. The UV Index has been defined by the WHO (www.who.int/news-room/questions-and-answers/item/radiation-the-ultraviolet-(uv)-index) and is uniform worldwide.

Employed

The most recent city population of 413,066 individuals with a median age of 36.1 age the population dropped by -2.35% in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma population since 2000 and are distributed over a density of 2,088.67 residents per square mile of area (806.44/km²). There are average 2.3 people per household in the 163,154 households with an average household income of $41,511 a year. The unemployment rate in Alabama is of the available work force and has growths 0.55% over the most recent 12-month period and the projected change in job supply over the next decade based on migration patterns, economic growth, and other factors will increase by 33.90%. The number of physicians in Tulsa per 100,000 population = 311.5.

Weather

The annual rainfall in Tulsa = 39.1 inches and the annual snowfall = 9.2 inches. The annual number of days with measurable precipitation (over .01 inch) = 90. The average number of days per year that are predominantly sunny = 227. 93 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily high temperature for the month of July and 26 degrees Fahrenheit is the average daily low temperature for the month of January. The Comfort Index (higher=better) is 27, where higher values mean a more pleasant climate. The Comfort Index measure recognizes that humidity by itself isn't the problem. (Have you noticed nobody ever complains about the weather being 'cold and humid?) It's in the summertime that we notice the humidity the most, when it's hot and muggy. Our Comfort Index uses a combination of afternoon summer temperature and humidity to closely predict the effect that the humidity will have on people.

Median Home Cost

The percentage of housing units in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma which are owned by the occupant = 50.18%. A housing unit is a house, apartment, mobile home, or room occupied as separate living quarters. The average age of homes = 38 years with median home cost = $103,850 and home appreciation of -2.75%. This is the value of the years most recent home sales data. Its important to note that this is not the average (or arithmetic mean). The median home price is the middle value when you arrange all the sales prices of homes from lowest to highest. This is a better indicator than the average, because the median is not changed as much by a few unusually high or low values. The property tax rate of $10.01 shown here is the rate per $1,000 of home value. If for simplification for example the tax rate is $14.00 and the home value is $250,000, the property tax would be $14.00 x ($250,000/1000), or $3500. This is the 'effective' tax rate.

Study

The local school district spends $3,558 per student. There are 16.9 students for each teacher in the school, 282 students for each Librarian and 328 students for each Counselor. 6.46% of the area’s population over the age of 25 with an Associate Degree or other 2-year college degree, 19.38% with a master’s degree, Ph.D. or other advanced college degree and 9.42% with high school diplomas or high school equivalency degrees (GEDs).

  • Tulsa's population in Tulsa County, Oklahoma of 1,390 residents in 1900 has increased 297,17-fold to 413,066 residents after 120 years, according to the official 2020 census.

    Approximately 51.08% female residents and 48.92% male residents live in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma.

    As of 2020 in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma are married and the remaining 46.85% are single population.

  • 20.5 minutes is the average time that residents in Tulsa require for a one-way commute to work. A long commute can have different effects on health. A Gallup poll in the US found that in terms of mental health, long haul commuters are up to 12 percent more likely to experience worry, and ten percent less likely to feel well rested. The Gallup poll also found that of people who commute 61­–90 minutes each day, a whopping one third complained of neck and back pain, compared to less than a quarter of people who only spend ten minutes getting to work.

    79.72% of the working population which commute to work alone in their car, 13.02% of the working population which commutes to work in a carpool, 1.21% of the population that commutes using mass transit, including bus, light rail, subway, and ferry. 3.14% of the population that has their home as their principal place of work.

  • Of the total residential buildings in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma, 50.18% are owner-occupied homes, another 40.18% are rented apartments, and the remaining 9.64% are vacant.

  • The 55.69% of the population in Tulsa, Creek County, Oklahoma who identify themselves as belonging to a religion are distributed among the following most diverse religions.

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